Christine M. Livingston

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Herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) DNA replication occurs in replication compartments that form in the nucleus by an ordered process involving a series of protein scaffold intermediates. Following entry of viral genomes into the nucleus, nucleoprotein complexes containing ICP4 can be detected at a position adjacent to nuclear domain 10 (ND10)-like bodies.(More)
Although the herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) genome might be expected to induce a DNA damage response, the ATR kinase is not activated in infected cells. We previously proposed that spatial uncoupling of ATR from its interaction partner, ATRIP, could be the basis for inactivation of the ATR kinase in infected cells; however, we now show that ATR and(More)
During productive infection, herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) induces the formation of discrete nuclear foci containing cellular chaperone proteins, proteasomal components, and ubiquitinated proteins. These structures are known as VICE domains and are hypothesized to play an important role in protein turnover and nuclear remodeling in HSV-1-infected(More)
The structural maintenance of chromosome 5/6 complex (Smc5/6) is a restriction factor that represses hepatitis B virus (HBV) transcription. HBV counters this restriction by expressing HBV X protein (HBx), which targets Smc5/6 for degradation. However, the mechanism by which Smc5/6 suppresses HBV transcription and how HBx is initially expressed is not known.(More)
Hepatitis B X protein (HBx) plays an essential role in the hepatitis B virus (HBV) replication cycle, but the function of HBx has been elusive until recently. It was recently shown that transcription from the HBV genome (covalently-closed circular DNA, cccDNA) is inhibited by the structural maintenance of chromosome 5/6 complex (Smc5/6), and that a key(More)
Tissue-invasive disease due to porcine cytomegalovirus (PCMV) has been demonstrated after pig-to-baboon solid-organ xenotransplantation. Porcine lymphotropic herpesvirus (PLHV)-1 is associated with B cell proliferation and posttransplant lymphoproliferative disorder after allogeneic bone marrow transplantation in swine but has not been observed in(More)
Virus-Induced Chaperone-Enriched (VICE) domains form adjacent to nuclear viral replication compartments (RC) during the early stages of HSV-1 infection. Between 2 and 3 hours post infection at a MOI of 10, host protein quality control machinery such as molecular chaperones (e.g. Hsc70), the 20S proteasome and ubiquitin are reorganized from a diffuse nuclear(More)
Herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) encodes a heterotrimeric helicase/primase complex consisting of UL5, UL8, and UL52. UL5 contains conserved helicase motifs, while UL52 contains conserved primase motifs, including a zinc finger motif. Although HSV-1 and HSV-2 UL52s contain a leucine residue at position 986, most other herpesvirus primase homologues(More)
Chronic hepatitis B virus infection is a leading cause of cirrhosis and liver cancer. Hepatitis B virus encodes the regulatory HBx protein whose primary role is to promote transcription of the viral genome, which persists as an extrachromosomal DNA circle in infected cells. HBx accomplishes this task by an unusual mechanism, enhancing transcription only(More)
A sensitive in situ assay for the plasminogen activator of transformed cells is described; it uses the fluorogenic molecule 3',6'-bis(4-guanidinobenzoyloxy)-5-(N'-4-carboxylphenyl)thioureidospiro[isobenz ofuran-1(3H),9'-[9H]xanthen]-3-one. This fluorescein derivative is an excellent active-site titrant of the esterase activity of plasmin. When transformed(More)
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