Christine M Havrilla

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Interest in the toxicological aspects of oxidative stress has grown in recent years, and research has become increasingly focused on the mechanistic aspects of oxidative damage and cellular responses in biological systems. Toxic consequences of oxidative stress at the subcellular level include lipid peroxidation and oxidative damage to DNA and proteins.(More)
The isoprostanes are a class of autoxidation products generated from arachidonic acid (or its esters) by a free radical initiated process. The potent biological activity of these compounds has been attracting intense research interest since they were detected in humans as well as animal models in the early 1990s. The measurement of these compounds has been(More)
Autoxidation of polyunsaturated fatty acids and esters leads to a complex mixture containing hydroperoxides and cyclic peroxides. Prostaglandin bicyclic endoperoxides have been detected from the autoxidation of cholesteryl arachidonate by LC-MS and GC-MS techniques. All four possible types (I-IV) of bicyclic endoperoxides have been found starting from(More)
Oxidation of human LDL is implicated as an initiator of atherosclerosis. Isolated low density lipoprotein (LDL) and high density lipoprotein (HDL2) were exposed to aqueous radicals generated from the thermolabile azo compound 2,2'-azobis(2-amidinopropane) dihydrochloride. The primary nonpolar lipid products formed from the autoxidation of LDL and HDL were(More)
This work reports an estimate of the inhibition rate constant (k(inh)) for alpha-tocopherol (alpha-TOH) in low-density lipoproteins (LDL) based on cholesteryl linoleate hydroperoxide products formed during autoxidation of intact lipoproteins. The ratio of cis,trans/trans,trans product hydroperoxides was determined during the consumption of the antioxidant.(More)
Coordination ionspray mass spectrometry (CIS-MS) is a useful tool in the detection and identification of cholesterol ester and phospholipid hydroperoxides and diacyl peroxides. Extensive studies of a series of cholesterol esters using CIS-MS revealed the following: (1) Cholesterol esters with equal number of double bonds as the internal standard showed a(More)
Phospholipids reside in the surface layer of LDLs and constitute approximately 20-25% of the particle by weight. We report a study of the primary products generated from the most abundant molecular species of phosphatidylcholines present in LDL during in vitro free radical oxidations. The 13-hydroperoxides of(More)
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