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Recent morphological and genetic studies on the Caulerpa racemosa (Forsska˚l) J. Agardh complex have demonstrated that three taxa occur in the Mediterranean Sea. One of them, the 'invasive variety', provisionally regarded as close to C. racemosa var. occidentalis J. Agardh, is currently spreading spectacularly throughout the Mediterranean. On the basis of(More)
BACKGROUND Voriconazole is a broad-spectrum triazole that is active against aspergillus species. We conducted a randomized trial to compare voriconazole with amphotericin B for primary therapy of invasive aspergillosis. METHODS In this randomized, unblinded trial, patients received either intravenous voriconazole (two doses of 6 mg per kilogram of body(More)
Reversal of HIV-1 latency by small molecules is a potential cure strategy. This approach will likely require effective drug combinations to achieve high levels of latency reversal. Using resting CD4+ T cells (rCD4s) from infected individuals, we developed an experimental and theoretical framework to identify effective latency-reversing agent (LRA)(More)
BACKGROUND Computed tomography (CT) of the chest may be used to identify the halo sign, a macronodule surrounded by a perimeter of ground-glass opacity, which is an early sign of invasive pulmonary aspergillosis (IPA). This study analyzed chest CT findings at presentation from a large series of patients with IPA, to assess the prevalence of these imaging(More)
The protein deacetylase SIRT1, and its activator resveratrol, exert beneficial effects on glucose metabolism. Different SIRT1 targets have been identified, including PTP1B, AMPK, FOXO, PGC-1α and IRS2. The latter may underscore a tight link between SIRT1 and insulin signaling components. However, whether SIRT1 has a direct effect on insulin resistance and(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Perinatal arterial ischemic stroke (PAIS) is a common cause of hemiplegic cerebral palsy in children. The diagnosis of PAIS is based on cerebral imaging. The objective of our study was to determine prenatal risk factors associated with PAIS. METHODS A retrospective case-control study was nested in the whole population of Burgundy,(More)
Highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) suppresses HIV-1 replication but cannot eliminate the virus because HIV-1 establishes latent infection. Interruption of HAART leads to a rapid rebound of viremia, so life-long treatment is required. Efforts to purge the latent reservoir have focused on reactivating latent proviruses without inducing global T cell(More)
HIV-1 persists in a latent reservoir despite antiretroviral therapy (ART). This reservoir is the major barrier to HIV-1 eradication. Current approaches to purging the latent reservoir involve pharmacologic induction of HIV-1 transcription and subsequent killing of infected cells by cytolytic T lymphocytes (CTLs) or viral cytopathic effects. Agents that(More)
The role of the transcription factors sterol regulatory element binding protein 1a (SREBP-1a) and SREBP-1c in the regulation of cholesterol and fatty acid metabolism has been well studied; however, little is known about their specific function in muscle. In the present study, analysis of recent microarray data from muscle cells overexpressing SREBP1(More)
PURPOSE To retrospectively evaluate magnetic resonance (MR) imaging, hydrogen 1 (1H) MR spectroscopy, apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC), T1, and T2 measurements for prediction of late neurologic outcome in term neonates after severe perinatal asphyxia. MATERIALS AND METHODS This study was approved by the local ethics committee. Informed consent from(More)