Christine M Donmoyer

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PURPOSE The receptor for advanced glycation end products (AGEs) has been implicated in the pathogenesis of diabetic complications. This study was conducted to characterize the role of the RAGE axis in a murine model of nonproliferative diabetic retinopathy (NPDR). METHODS The retinas of hyperglycemic, hyperlipidemic (HGHL, apolipoprotein E(-/-) db/db)(More)
Genetic studies have shown that retinoic acid (RA) signaling is required for mouse retina development, controlled in part by an RA-generating aldehyde dehydrogenase encoded by Aldh1a2 (Raldh2) expressed transiently in the optic vesicles. We examined the function of a related gene, Aldh1a1 (Raldh1), expressed throughout development in the dorsal retina.(More)
During chronic total parenteral nutrition (TPN), net hepatic glucose uptake (NHGU) and net hepatic lactate release (NHLR) are markedly reduced (downward arrow approximately 45 and approximately 65%, respectively) with infection. Because small quantities of fructose are known to augment hepatic glucose uptake and lactate release in normal fasted animals, the(More)
We examined the impact of infection on hepatic and muscle glucose metabolism in dogs adapted to chronic total parenteral nutrition (TPN). Studies were done in five conscious chronically catheterized dogs, in which sampling (artery, portal and hepatic vein, and iliac vein), infusion catheters (inferior vena cava), and Transonic flow probes (hepatic artery,(More)
In animals receiving total parenteral nutrition (TPN), infection impairs net hepatic glucose uptake (NHGU) by 40% and induces mild hyperinsulinemia. In the normal animal, the majority of the glucose taken up by the liver is diverted to lactate, but in the infected state, lactate release is curtailed. Because of the hyperinsulinemia and reduced NHGU, more(More)
Liver and muscle metabolism were assessed in dogs adapted to long-term total parenteral (TPN) and enteral (TEN) nutrition. Studies were done in 13 conscious long-term catheterized dogs in which sampling (artery, portal and hepatic vein, and iliac vein), infusion catheters (inferior vena cava, duodenum), and transonic flow probes (hepatic artery, portal(More)
Total parenteral nutrition (TPN) markedly augments net hepatic glucose uptake (NHGU) and hepatic glycolysis in the presence of mild hyperglycemia and hyperinsulinemia. This increase is impaired by an infection. We determined whether the adaptation to TPN alters the responsiveness of the liver to insulin and whether infection impairs that response.(More)
During chronic total parenteral nutrition (TPN), liver glucose uptake and lactate release are markedly elevated. However, in the presence of an infection, hepatic glucose uptake and lactate release are reduced. Glucose delivery (the product of liver blood flow and inflowing glucose concentration) is a major determinant of liver glucose uptake. Hepatic blood(More)
Chronic total parenteral nutrition (TPN) markedly augments net hepatic glucose uptake (NHGU). This adaptive increase is impaired by an infection despite accompanying hyperinsulinemia. In the nonadapted state, NHGU is dependent on the prevailing glucose levels. Our aims were to determine whether the adaptation to TPN alters the glucose dependence of NHGU,(More)
During chronic total parenteral nutrition (TPN), net hepatic glucose uptake (NHGU) is markedly elevated. However, NHGU is reduced by the presence of an infection. We recently demonstrated that a small, acute (3-h) intraportal fructose infusion can correct the infection-induced impairment in NHGU. The aim of this study was to determine whether the addition(More)
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