Christine M Cahalan

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Symptomatic androgen deficiency is common in patients taking opioid analgesics, as these drugs potently suppress the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal axis. However, the efficacy of testosterone replacement in this setting remains unclear. The objective of this trial was to evaluate the efficacy of testosterone replacement on pain perception and other(More)
Persistent and disabling pain is the hallmark of osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, fibromyalgia, and various other rheumatologic conditions. However, disease severity (as measured by 'objective' indices such as those that employ radiography or serology) is only marginally related to patients' reports of pain severity, and pain-related presentation can(More)
Altered brain morphometry has been widely acknowledged in chronic pain, and recent studies have implicated altered network dynamics, as opposed to properties of individual brain regions, in supporting persistent pain. Structural covariance analysis determines the inter-regional association in morphological metrics, such as gray matter volume, and such(More)
Wood basic density was determined in samples taken from eight-year-old trees of 26 Eucalyptus clones growing in tests at four sites in Brazil. Within-clone variation in basic density was low. The broad sense heritability of basic density was 0.96 when estimated from five clones growing on two sites and 0.64 when estimated from 26 clones on four sites.(More)
The UK national scrapie plan (NSP) for sheep is based on selection for the resistant ARR/ARR genotype and elimination of susceptible types of the ovine prion protein (PrP) gene. The aim of this study was to estimate the possible association of the PrP genotype and performance traits by using data from the CAMDA Welsh Mountain flock. Four alleles (ARH, ARQ,(More)
OBJECTIVE Previous vagus nerve stimulation (VNS) studies have demonstrated antinociceptive effects, and recent noninvasive approaches, termed transcutaneous-vagus nerve stimulation (t-VNS), have utilized stimulation of the auricular branch of the vagus nerve in the ear. The dorsal medullary vagal system operates in tune with respiration, and we propose that(More)
OBJECTIVE While patients with fibromyalgia (FM) are known to exhibit hyperalgesia, the central mechanisms contributing to this altered pain processing are not fully understood. This study was undertaken to investigate potential dysregulation of the neural circuitry underlying cognitive and hedonic aspects of the subjective experience of pain, such as(More)
UNLABELLED Although high levels of negative affect and cognitions have been associated with greater pain sensitivity in chronic pain conditions, the neural mechanisms mediating the hyperalgesic effect of psychological factors in patients with pain disorders are largely unknown. In this cross-sectional study, we hypothesized that 1) catastrophizing modulates(More)
CONTEXT Persistent pain is common after surgical treatment of breast cancer, but fairly little is known about the changes in sensory processing that accompany such pain syndromes. OBJECTIVES This study used quantitative sensory testing to compare psychophysical responses to standardized noxious stimulation in two groups of women who had previously(More)
OBJECTIVE Fibromyalgia (FM) is a chronic functional pain syndrome characterized by widespread pain, significant pain catastrophizing, sympathovagal dysfunction, and amplified temporal summation for evoked pain. While several studies have demonstrated altered resting brain connectivity in FM, studies have not specifically probed the somatosensory system and(More)