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The escape of malignant cells from the immune response against the tumor may result from a defective differentiation or function of professional antigen-presenting cells (APC), ie, dendritic cells (DC). To test this hypothesis, the effect of human renal cell carcinoma cell lines (RCC) on the development of DC from CD34(+) progenitors was investigated in(More)
Immunohistochemical analysis of FOXP3 in primary breast tumors showed that a high number of tumor-infiltrating regulatory T cells (Ti-Treg) within lymphoid infiltrates surrounding the tumor was predictive of relapse and death, in contrast to those present within the tumor bed. Ex vivo analysis showed that these tumor-infiltrating FOXP3(+) T cells are(More)
There is abundant in vitro, animal and epidemiologic evidence to suggest that the Insulin-Like Growth Factor (IGF) family is a multi-component network of molecules which is involved in the regulation of both physiological and pathological growth processes in prostate. The IGF family plays a key role in cellular metabolism, differentiation, proliferation,(More)
The presence of regulatory T cells (Treg) has been described in a large panel of solid tumors. However, their impact on tumor progression differs according to the tumor type analyzed. We recently obtained evidence in breast carcinoma that Treg localized within lymphoid aggregates, but not in the tumor bed, have a negative impact on patients' survival.(More)
Prediction of survival for patients with metastatic breast cancer is often inaccurate and may be helped by new biological parameters. Tumour growth being angiogenesis-dependent, it has been hypothesised that the assessment of angiogenic factor production might reflect the clinical behaviour of cancer progression. This study was designed to investigate the(More)
BACKGROUND PRKDC encodes for DNA-dependent protein kinase catalytic subunit (DNA-PKcs), a kinase that forms part of a complex (DNA-dependent protein kinase [DNA-PK]) crucial for DNA double-strand break repair and V(D)J recombination. In mice DNA-PK also interacts with the transcription factor autoimmune regulator (AIRE) to promote central T-cell tolerance.(More)
PURPOSE Few clinical prognostic factors have been identified for patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma (MRCC), and no biomarker is known in this disease. Several endogenous cytokines have demonstrated interesting and significant correlations with survival in these patients. Our objective was to analyze the prognostic value of circulating vascular(More)
Lymphopenia (< 1Giga/L) detected before initiation of chemotherapy is a predictive factor for death in metastatic solid tumors. Combinatorial T cell repertoire (TCR) diversity was investigated and tested either alone or in combination with lymphopenia as a prognostic factor at diagnosis for overall survival (OS) in metastatic breast cancer (MBC) patients.(More)
We have isolated a novel cell surface molecule, the human homolog of osteoclast-associated receptor (OSCAR). Unlike mouse OSCAR, hOSCAR is widely transcribed in cells of the myeloid lineage. Notably, hOSCAR is expressed on circulating blood monocytes and CD11c(+) dendritic cells but not on T and B cells. hOSCAR is continually expressed during(More)
AIMS The aim of this study was to evaluate the serum pattern of cytokines evolution after surgical radiofrequency ablation (SRFA) of colorectal metastases. METHODS Metastases of ten non consecutive patients were destroyed by radiofrequency ablation without concomitant resection after a complete surgical procedure including a laparotomy, a peritoneal(More)