Christine Longuet

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Glucagon receptor (Gcgr) signaling maintains hepatic glucose production during the fasting state; however, the importance of the Gcgr for lipid metabolism is unclear. We show here that fasted Gcgr-/- mice exhibit a significant increase in hepatic triglyceride secretion and fasting increases fatty acid oxidation (FAO) in wild-type (WT) but not in Gcgr-/-(More)
Glucagon-like peptide 1 (GLP-1) receptor (GLP-1R) agonists and dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) inhibitors attenuate postprandial lipaemia through mechanisms that remain unclear. As dyslipidaemia is a contributing risk factor for cardiovascular disease in type 2 diabetes, we examined the mechanisms linking pharmacological and physiological regulation of GLP-1(More)
Glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor (GLP-1R) agonists reduce lipid accumulation in peripheral tissues, attenuating atherosclerosis and hepatic steatosis in preclinical studies. We examined whether GLP-1R activation decreases atherosclerosis progression in high-fat diet-fed male ApoE(-/-) mice after administration of streptozotocin and treatment with the(More)
Glucose homeostasis in mammals is dependent on the opposing actions of insulin and glucagon. The Golgi N-acetylglucosaminyltransferases encoded by Mgat1, Mgat2, Mgat4a/b/c, and Mgat5 modify the N-glycans on receptors and solute transporter, possibly adapting activities in response to the metabolic environment. Herein we report that Mgat5(-/-) mice display(More)
Glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) secreted from enteroendocrine L cells promotes nutrient disposal via the incretin effect. However, the majority of L cells are localized to the distal gut, suggesting additional biological roles for GLP-1. Here, we demonstrate that GLP-1 receptor (GLP-1R) signaling controls mucosal expansion of the small bowel (SB) and colon.(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Glucagon-like peptide 1 (GLP-1) and glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide (GIP) activate pathways involved in beta cell survival and proliferation in vitro; we compared the relative importance of exogenous and endogenous GIP receptor (GIPR) and GLP-1 receptor (GLP-1R) activation for beta cell cytoprotection in mice. METHODS The(More)
Glucagon is a critical regulator of glucose homeostasis; however, mechanisms regulating glucagon action and α-cell function and number are incompletely understood. To elucidate the role of the hepatic glucagon receptor (Gcgr) in glucagon action, we generated mice with hepatocyte-specific deletion of the glucagon receptor. Gcgr(Hep)(-/-) mice exhibited(More)
OBJECTIVE Dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP4) inhibitors lower blood glucose in diabetic subjects; however, the mechanism of action through which these agents improve glucose homeostasis remains incompletely understood. Although glucagon-like peptide (GLP)-1 and glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide (GIP) represent important targets for DPP4 activity,(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Excessive postprandial lipemia is a prevalent condition that results from intestinal oversecretion of apolipoprotein B48 (apoB48)-containing lipoproteins. Glucagon-like peptide-2 (GLP-2) is a gastrointestinal-derived intestinotropic hormone that links nutrient absorption to intestinal structure and function. We investigated the effects of(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Glucagon-like peptide-2 (GLP-2) is a gut hormone that increases gut growth, reduces mucosal cell death, and augments mesenteric blood flow and nutrient absorption. Exogenous GLP-2(1-33) also stimulates glucagon secretion and enhances gut barrier function with implications for susceptibility to systemic inflammation and subsequent metabolic(More)
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