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Microsatellite instability is an important characteristic of many tumor types especially those associated with hereditary non-polyposis colorectal carcinoma (HNPCC) syndrome. Microsatellite alterations in 50% of primary small cell lung carcinoma (SCLC) have been found. These alterations were also found in the sputum. Because neoplastic characteristics such(More)
BACKGROUND In addition to cell lysis, apoptosis has been advanced as the origin of circulating DNA on the basis of several observations. Plasma or serum DNA often presents a ladder pattern reminiscent of that displayed by apoptotic cells when subjected to electrophoresis. However, the phenomenon of active release of DNA from cells might also be expected to(More)
Tumor-derived circulating DNA has been found in the plasma of cancer patients. Alterations include decreased strand stability, mutations of oncogenes or of tumor suppressor genes, microsatellite alterations, and hypermethylation of several genes. RNA has also been found circulating in the plasma of normal subjects and cancer patients. Tyrosinase mRNA has(More)
Cell systems as different as normal human blood lymphocytes and frog auricles release spontaneously a nucleoprotein complex in their culture medium. This release seems to be an active mechanism that is unrelated to cell death. The presence of RNA in this complex is demonstrated. The amount of extracellular RNA is regulated by the same homeostatic mechanism(More)
Chromosomal abnormalities are associated with the development of breast cancer, and widespread allelic loss or imbalance is frequently found in tumor tissues taken from patients with this disease. Using different markers, we studied a total of 61 patients (divided into three groups) for the presence of microsatellite instability and loss of heterozygosity(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Circulating DNA can be isolated from the plasma of healthy subjects and from patients with cancer. The aim of this study was to detect K-ras mutations in DNA extracted from the plasma of patients with colorectal cancer. METHODS Tumor and plasma DNA were extracted from 14 patients with colorectal cancer (stages A-D), and K-ras alterations(More)
Oncogene mutations are frequently found in several tumour types and, among these, point mutations of the ras gene are particularly significant. A predominance of N-ras mutations has been found in the bone marrow DNA of patients with myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) or acute myelogenous leukaemia (AML). On the other hand, increased levels of plasma DNA have(More)
About one third of patients with various malignant diseases were found to have extractable amounts of DNA in their plasma whereas no DNA could be detected in normal controls. Using the test established by one of us (M.B.), which is based on decreased strand stability of cancer cell DNA, we have found that several plasma DNA originate from cancer cells.
BACKGROUND Nucleic acids can be found in small amounts in healthy and diseased human plasma/serum. Higher concentrations of DNA are present in the plasma of cancer patients sharing some characteristics with DNA of tumor cells. Together with decreased strand stability, the presence of specific oncogene or tumor-suppressor gene mutations, microsatellite(More)
K-ras mutations are frequently found in primary pancreatic adenocarcinomas. In this prospective study, we looked for K-ras mutations in the plasma of patients with pancreatic cancer. We isolated plasma DNA from 21 pancreatic cancer patients using a simple and rapid extraction technique and detected K-ras alterations with a PCR assay and subsequent product(More)