Christine Labeur

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The toxicity of the nonaggregated amyloid beta-peptide (1-40) [A beta(1-40)] on the viability of rat cortical neurons in primary culture was investigated. We demonstrated that low concentrations of A beta peptide, in a nonfibrillar form, induced a time- and dose-dependent apoptotic cell death, including DNA condensation and fragmentation. We compared the(More)
We investigated the lipoprotein distribution and composition in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) in a group of patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD) or affected by other types of dementia in comparison to non-demented controls. We found slightly decreased apolipoprotein (apo)E and cholesterol concentrations in CSF of AD patients and moderately increased apoA-I(More)
The Dutch (E22Q) and Flemish (A21G) mutations in the betaAPP region of the amyloid precursor protein (APP) are associated with familial forms of Alzheimer dementia. However, patients with these mutations express substantially different clinical phenotypes. Therefore, secondary structure and cytotoxic effects of the three Abeta(12-42) variants [wild-type(More)
Growing evidence indicates the involvement of apolipoprotein E (apoE) in the development of late-onset and sporadic forms of Alzheimer's disease, although its exact role remains unclear. We previously demonstrated that beta-amyloid peptide (Abeta) displays membrane-destabilizing properties and that only apoE2 and E3 isoforms inhibit these properties. In(More)
Mutations in the beta-amyloid (Abeta) sequence of the amyloid precursor protein gene (APP) present with variable disease phenotypes. While patients with the Dutch APP mutation (E693Q) have predominantly hemorrhagic strokes, Flemish APP (A692G) patients develop both strokes and Alzheimer's disease (AD). To determine whether these diverse clinical and(More)
A number of immunological techniques--radioimmunoassay, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), electroimmunoassay, radial immunodiffusion, and a variety of immunoprecipitin assays--have been used to quantify apolipoproteins in plasma. This paper outlines their technical details and discusses their major advantages and drawbacks. The most sensitive(More)
This new, sensitive, specific "sandwich"-type enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for quantifying lipoprotein(a) [Lp(a)] in human serum and in ultracentrifugal lipoprotein fractions is based on use of a monoclonal antibody raised against apolipoprotein(a) as coating protein and a polyclonal antibody, raised against either apo B or against Lp(a) and(More)
We have identified a G-to-A transition in exon 3 of the APOC3 gene resulting in a novel Ala23Thr apolipoprotein (apo) C-III variant, associated with apoC-III deficiency in three unrelated Yucatan Indians. The Ala23Thr substitution modifies the hydrophobic/hydrophilic repartition of the helical N-terminal peptide and hence could disturb the lipid(More)
The effects of apolipoprotein (a), apolipoprotein-E, and apolipoprotein-A4 isoforms on quantitative lipoprotein(a) [Lp(a)] levels were assessed in a sample of 142 Dutch families consisting of two parents and their adolescent twin offspring. A total heritability of 95% was estimated for plasma Lp(a) concentrations. The largest part of this heritability was(More)