Christine Labeur

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We investigated the lipoprotein distribution and composition in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) in a group of patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD) or affected by other types of dementia in comparison to non-demented controls. We found slightly decreased apolipoprotein (apo)E and cholesterol concentrations in CSF of AD patients and moderately increased apoA-I(More)
The enzyme cholesterol lecithin acyl transferase (LCAT) shares the Ser/Asp-Glu/His triad with lipases, esterases and proteases, but the low level of sequence homology between LCAT and these enzymes did not allow for the LCAT fold to be identified yet. We, therefore, relied upon structural homology calculations using threading methods based on alignment of(More)
The toxicity of the nonaggregated amyloid beta-peptide (1-40) [A beta(1-40)] on the viability of rat cortical neurons in primary culture was investigated. We demonstrated that low concentrations of A beta peptide, in a nonfibrillar form, induced a time- and dose-dependent apoptotic cell death, including DNA condensation and fragmentation. We compared the(More)
The Dutch (E22Q) and Flemish (A21G) mutations in the betaAPP region of the amyloid precursor protein (APP) are associated with familial forms of Alzheimer dementia. However, patients with these mutations express substantially different clinical phenotypes. Therefore, secondary structure and cytotoxic effects of the three Abeta(12-42) variants [wild-type(More)
An alignment of the mammalian ABCA transporters enabled the identification of sequence segments, specific to the ABCA subfamily, which were used as queries to search for eukaryotic and prokaryotic homologues. Thirty-seven eukaryotic half and full-length transporters were found, and a close relationship with prokaryotic subfamily 7 transporters was detected.(More)
We have identified a G-to-A transition in exon 3 of the APOC3 gene resulting in a novel Ala23Thr apolipoprotein (apo) C-III variant, associated with apoC-III deficiency in three unrelated Yucatan Indians. The Ala23Thr substitution modifies the hydrophobic/hydrophilic repartition of the helical N-terminal peptide and hence could disturb the lipid(More)
BACKGROUND Oral fat tolerance tests (FTTs) have been widely used as a tool to investigate post-prandial lipaemia. However, there is no consensus regarding the type and amount of fat used in the tests. METHODS We compared three commonly used FTTs, each containing 63 g of fat: a mixed meal, a liquid cream meal and a liquid soybean oil meal. The study group(More)
The previously reported COmbined FRActional DIagonal Chromatography (COFRA-DIC) methodology, in which a subset of peptides representative for their parent proteins are sorted, is particularly powerful for whole proteome analysis. This peptide-centric technology is built around diagonal chromatography, where peptide separations are crucial. This paper(More)
Patients with autosomal recessive abetalipoproteinemia (ABL) lack in their plasma all lipoproteins containing apolipoprotein (apo)B-100 or B-48. Previous studies have suggested that this is due to the complete absence of apoB. We have investigated whether such patients (n = 10) are able to secrete the lipoprotein(a) (Lp(a] glycoprotein (apo(a] which, in(More)
The potential of immunogold-silver staining for study of leukocyte subpopulations, as defined by monoclonal antibodies in cell suspensions, was examined. The cells were labeled in suspension as described for immunogold staining. Cytocentrifuge preparations of the suspensions were then immersed in a physical developer. By light microscopy, cells reacting(More)