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BACKGROUND Oral fat tolerance tests (FTTs) have been widely used as a tool to investigate post-prandial lipaemia. However, there is no consensus regarding the type and amount of fat used in the tests. METHODS We compared three commonly used FTTs, each containing 63 g of fat: a mixed meal, a liquid cream meal and a liquid soybean oil meal. The study group(More)
An alignment of the mammalian ABCA transporters enabled the identification of sequence segments, specific to the ABCA subfamily, which were used as queries to search for eukaryotic and prokaryotic homologues. Thirty-seven eukaryotic half and full-length transporters were found, and a close relationship with prokaryotic subfamily 7 transporters was detected.(More)
The toxicity of the nonaggregated amyloid beta-peptide (1-40) [A beta(1-40)] on the viability of rat cortical neurons in primary culture was investigated. We demonstrated that low concentrations of A beta peptide, in a nonfibrillar form, induced a time- and dose-dependent apoptotic cell death, including DNA condensation and fragmentation. We compared the(More)
In a previous characterization of the ABCA subfamily of the ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporters, we identified potential protein kinase 2 (CK2) phosphorylation sites, which are conserved in eukaryotic and prokaryotic members of the ABCA transporters. These phosphorylation residues are located in the conserved cytoplamic R1 and R2 domains, downstream of(More)
An oral fat-load test was carried out in patients with non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) and angiographically verified coronary artery disease (CAD; group 1, n = 6); in patients with CAD but no diabetes (group 2, n = 6); in patients with NIDDM but no CAD (group 3, n = 4); and in healthy control subjects (group 4, n = 4). Concentrations of(More)
Patients with autosomal recessive abetalipoproteinemia (ABL) lack in their plasma all lipoproteins containing apolipoprotein (apo)B-100 or B-48. Previous studies have suggested that this is due to the complete absence of apoB. We have investigated whether such patients (n = 10) are able to secrete the lipoprotein(a) (Lp(a] glycoprotein (apo(a] which, in(More)
This new, sensitive, specific "sandwich"-type enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for quantifying lipoprotein(a) [Lp(a)] in human serum and in ultracentrifugal lipoprotein fractions is based on use of a monoclonal antibody raised against apolipoprotein(a) as coating protein and a polyclonal antibody, raised against either apo B or against Lp(a) and(More)
A number of findings suggest that lipophilic monomeric Abeta peptides can interact with the cellular lipid membranes. These interactions can affect the membrane integrity and result in the initiation of apoptotic cell death. The secondary structure of C-terminal Abeta peptides (29-40) and the longer (29-42) variant have been investigated in solution by(More)
In order to test the hypothesis that fish-eye disease (FED) is due to a deficient activation of lecithin:cholesterol acyltransferase (LCAT) by its co-factor apolipoprotein (apo) A-I, we overexpressed the natural mutants T123I, N131D, N391S, and other engineered mutants in Cos-1 cells. Esterase activity was measured on a monomeric phospholipid enelogue,(More)