Learn More
The enzyme cholesterol lecithin acyl transferase (LCAT) shares the Ser/Asp-Glu/His triad with lipases, esterases and proteases, but the low level of sequence homology between LCAT and these enzymes did not allow for the LCAT fold to be identified yet. We, therefore, relied upon structural homology calculations using threading methods based on alignment of(More)
The toxicity of the nonaggregated amyloid beta-peptide (1-40) [A beta(1-40)] on the viability of rat cortical neurons in primary culture was investigated. We demonstrated that low concentrations of A beta peptide, in a nonfibrillar form, induced a time- and dose-dependent apoptotic cell death, including DNA condensation and fragmentation. We compared the(More)
The Dutch (E22Q) and Flemish (A21G) mutations in the betaAPP region of the amyloid precursor protein (APP) are associated with familial forms of Alzheimer dementia. However, patients with these mutations express substantially different clinical phenotypes. Therefore, secondary structure and cytotoxic effects of the three Abeta(12-42) variants [wild-type(More)
We have previously reported that normolipidemic smokers are lipid intolerant due to increased responses of triglyceride-rich lipoproteins (TRL) apolipoprotein B-48, triglyceride (TG), and retinyl esters to a mixed meal compared to non-smokers. To investigate whether postprandial high density lipoprotein (HDL), apolipoprotein A-I (apoA-I), apolipoprotein(More)
BACKGROUND Oral fat tolerance tests (FTTs) have been widely used as a tool to investigate post-prandial lipaemia. However, there is no consensus regarding the type and amount of fat used in the tests. METHODS We compared three commonly used FTTs, each containing 63 g of fat: a mixed meal, a liquid cream meal and a liquid soybean oil meal. The study group(More)
Patients with autosomal recessive abetalipoproteinemia (ABL) lack in their plasma all lipoproteins containing apolipoprotein (apo)B-100 or B-48. Previous studies have suggested that this is due to the complete absence of apoB. We have investigated whether such patients (n = 10) are able to secrete the lipoprotein(a) (Lp(a] glycoprotein (apo(a] which, in(More)
The potential of immunogold-silver staining for study of leukocyte subpopulations, as defined by monoclonal antibodies in cell suspensions, was examined. The cells were labeled in suspension as described for immunogold staining. Cytocentrifuge preparations of the suspensions were then immersed in a physical developer. By light microscopy, cells reacting(More)
A number of immunological techniques--radioimmunoassay, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), electroimmunoassay, radial immunodiffusion, and a variety of immunoprecipitin assays--have been used to quantify apolipoproteins in plasma. This paper outlines their technical details and discusses their major advantages and drawbacks. The most sensitive(More)
In a previous characterization of the ABCA subfamily of the ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporters, we identified potential protein kinase 2 (CK2) phosphorylation sites, which are conserved in eukaryotic and prokaryotic members of the ABCA transporters. These phosphorylation residues are located in the conserved cytoplamic R1 and R2 domains, downstream of(More)