Christine L. Tardif

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Structural magnetic resonance imaging can now resolve laminar features within the cerebral cortex in vivo. A variety of intracortical contrasts have been used to study the cortical myeloarchitecture with the purpose of mapping cortical areas in individual subjects. In this article, we first briefly review recent advances in MRI analysis of cortical(More)
The objective of this study was to determine which 3D T(1)-weighted acquisition protocol at 3 T is best suited to voxel-based morphometry (VBM), and to characterize the sensitivity of VBM to choice of acquisition. First, image quality of three commonly used protocols, FLASH, MP-RAGE and MDEFT, was evaluated in terms of SNR, CNR, image uniformity and point(More)
PURPOSE There are many T1 mapping methods available, each of them validated in phantoms and reporting excellent agreement with literature. However, values in literature vary greatly, with T1 in white matter ranging from 690 to 1100 ms at 3 Tesla. This brings into question the accuracy of one of the most fundamental measurements in quantitative MRI. Our goal(More)
This work presents a novel approach for modelling laminar myelin patterns in the human cortex in brain MR images on the basis of known cytoarchitecture. For the first time, it is possible to estimate intracortical contrast visible in quantitative ultra-high resolution MR images in specific primary and secondary cytoarchitectonic areas. The presented(More)
Over the last two decades, numerous human MRI studies of neuroplasticity have shown compelling evidence for extensive and rapid experience-induced brain plasticity in vivo. To date, most of these studies have consisted of simply detecting a difference in structural or functional images with little concern for their lack of biological specificity. Recent(More)
The objective of this study was to characterize the sensitivity of voxel-based morphometry (VBM) results to choice field strength. We chose to investigate the two most widespread acquisition sequences for VBM, FLASH and MP-RAGE, at 1.5 and 3 T. We first evaluated image quality of the four acquisition protocols in terms of SNR and image uniformity. We then(More)
A conclusive mapping of myeloarchitecture (myelin patterns) onto the cortical sheet and, thus, a corresponding mapping to cytoarchitecture (cell configuration) does not exist today. In this paper we present a generative model which can predict, on the basis of known cytoarchitecture, myeloarchitecture in different primary and non-primary cortical areas,(More)
Cortical multiple sclerosis lesions are difficult to detect in magnetic resonance images due to poor contrast with surrounding grey matter, spatial variation in healthy grey matter and partial volume effects. We propose using an observer-independent laminar profile-based parcellation method to detect cortical lesions. Following cortical surface extraction,(More)
Although significant improvements have been made regarding the visualization and characterization of cortical multiple sclerosis (MS) lesions using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), cortical lesions (CL) continue to be under-detected in vivo, and we have a limited understanding of the causes of GM pathology. The objective of this study was to characterize(More)
Alterations in the myelination of the cerebral cortex may underlie abnormal cortical function in a variety of brain diseases. Here, we describe a technique for investigating changes in intracortical myelin in clinical populations on the basis of cortical thickness measurements with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) at 3 Tesla. For this, we separately compute(More)