Christine L. Lavoie

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The ATPase associated with different cellular activities family member p97, associated p47, and the t-SNARE syntaxin 5 are necessary for the cell-free reconstitution of transitional endoplasmic reticulum (tER) from starting low-density microsomes. Here, we report that membrane-associated tyrosine kinase and protein-tyrosine phosphatase (PTPase) activities(More)
Smooth endoplasmic reticulum assembly was studied in a cell-free system using thin-section and freeze-fracture electron microscopy. Incubation of rat hepatocyte rough and smooth microsomes in the presence of ATP, GTP, cytosol (Xenopus egg) and an ATP-regenerating system led to assembly of membrane networks comprising a central core of interconnecting smooth(More)
Heterotrimeric G proteins have been implicated in the regulation of membrane trafficking, but the mechanisms involved are not well understood. Here, we report that overexpression of the stimulatory G protein subunit (Galphas) promotes ligand-dependent degradation of epidermal growth factor (EGF) receptors and Texas Red EGF, and knock-down of Galphas(More)
Heterotrimeric GTP-binding proteins (G proteins) control cellular functions by transducing signals from the outside to the inside of cells. Regulator of G protein signaling (RGS) proteins are key modulators of the amplitude and duration of G protein-mediated signaling through their ability to serve as guanosine triphosphatase-activating proteins (GAPs). We(More)
Calnuc is an ubiquitous, EF-hand Ca(2+) binding protein found in the cytoplasm where it binds to Galphai3, in the Golgi lumen where it constitutes a Ca(2+) storage pool, and secreted outside the cell. Here we investigated the pathway of secretion of calnuc in AtT20 cells. We found by pulse-chase experiments that calnuc is synthesized in the endoplasmic(More)
A two-step reconstitution system for the generation of ER cargo exit sites from starting ER-derived low density microsomes (LDMs; 1.17 g/cc) is described. The first step is mediated by the hydrolysis of Mg(2+)ATP and Mg(2+)GTP, leading to the formation of a transitional ER (tER) with the soluble cargo albumin, transferrin, and the ER-to-Golgi recycling(More)
The endoplasmic reticulum (ER) is a key organelle of the secretion pathway involved in the synthesis of both proteins and lipids destined for multiple sites within and without the cell. The ER functions to both co- and post-translationally modify newly synthesized proteins and lipids and sort them for housekeeping within the ER and for transport to their(More)
LDL receptor-related protein 9 (LRP9) is a distant member of the low-density lipoprotein receptor (LDLR) superfamily. To date, there are no reports on the cellular distribution of LRP9 or the signals responsible for its localization. Here, we investigated the intracellular localization and trafficking of LRP9. Using confocal microscopy, we demonstrated that(More)
TRPC proteins become involved in Ca2+ entry following the activation of Gq-protein coupled receptors. TRPC6 is inserted into the plasma membrane upon stimulation and remains in the plasma membrane as long as the stimulus is present. However, the mechanism that regulates the trafficking of TRPC6 is unclear. In the present study, we highlighted the(More)
Transitional endoplasmic reticulum (tER) consists of confluent rough and smooth endoplasmic reticulum (ER) domains. In a cell-free incubation system, low-density microsomes (1.17 g cc(-1)) isolated from rat liver homogenates reconstitute tER by Mg(2+)GTP- and Mg(2+)ATP-hydrolysis-dependent membrane fusion. The ATPases associated with different cellular(More)