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Heterotrimeric GTP-binding proteins (G proteins) control cellular functions by transducing signals from the outside to the inside of cells. Regulator of G protein signaling (RGS) proteins are key modulators of the amplitude and duration of G protein-mediated signaling through their ability to serve as guanosine triphosphatase-activating proteins (GAPs). We(More)
A two-step reconstitution system for the generation of ER cargo exit sites from starting ER-derived low density microsomes (LDMs; 1.17 g/cc) is described. The first step is mediated by the hydrolysis of Mg 2 ϩ ATP and Mg 2 ϩ GTP, leading to the formation of a transitional ER (tER) with the soluble cargo albumin, trans-ferrin, and the ER-to-Golgi recycling(More)
TRPC proteins become involved in Ca2+ entry following the activation of Gq-protein coupled receptors. TRPC6 is inserted into the plasma membrane upon stimulation and remains in the plasma membrane as long as the stimulus is present. However, the mechanism that regulates the trafficking of TRPC6 is unclear. In the present study, we highlighted the(More)
In AtT-20 cells ACTH secretion is regulated by both Ca2+ and G proteins. We previously demonstrated that calnuc, an EF-hand Ca2+ binding protein which regulates Alzheimer's beta-amyloid precursor protein (APP) biogenesis, binds both Ca2+ as well as Galpha subunits. Here we investigate calnuc's role in G protein-mediated regulation of ACTH secretion in(More)
The endoplasmic reticulum (ER) is a key organelle of the secretion pathway involved in the synthesis of both proteins and lipids destined for multiple sites within and without the cell. The ER functions to both co- and post-translationally modify newly synthesized proteins and lipids and sort them for housekeeping within the ER and for transport to their(More)
The inhibition of the functions of c-Myc (endogenous and oncogenic) was recently shown to provide a spectacular therapeutic index in cancer mouse models, with complete tumor regression and minimal side-effects in normal tissues. This was achieved by the systemic and conditional expression of omomyc, the cDNA of a designed mutant of the b-HLH-LZ of c-Myc(More)
The Aβ peptide that accumulates in Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is derived from amyloid precursor protein (APP) following proteolysis by β- and γ-secretases. Substantial evidence indicates that alterations in APP trafficking within the secretory and endocytic pathways directly impact the interaction of APP with these secretases and subsequent Aβ production.(More)
The role of Gαs in G protein-coupled receptor (GPCR) signalling at the cell surface is well established. Recent evidence has revealed the presence of Gαs on endosomes and its capacity to elicit GPCR-promoted signalling from this intracellular compartment. Here, we report an unconventional role for Gαs in the endocytic sorting of GPCRs to lysosomes. Cellular(More)
In AtT-20 cells ACTH secretion is regulated by both Ca 2+ and G proteins. We previously demonstrated that calnuc, an EF-hand Ca 2+ binding protein which regulates Alzheimer's β-amyloid precursor protein (APP) biogenesis, binds both Ca 2+ as well as Gα subunits. Here we investigate calnuc's role in G protein-mediated regulation of ACTH secretion in AtT-20(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Phosphorylation of δ opioid receptors (DOP receptors) by cyclin-dependent kinase 5 (CDK5) was shown to regulate the trafficking of this receptor. Therefore, we aimed to determine the role of CDK5 in regulating DOP receptors in rats treated with morphine or with complete Freund's adjuvant (CFA). As μ (MOP) and DOP receptors are known(More)