Christine L. Hice

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This report describes the clinical, laboratory, and epidemiological findings on 27 cases of Mayaro virus (MV) disease, an emerging mosquito-borne viral illness that is endemic in rural areas of tropical South America. MV disease is a nonfatal, dengue-like illness characterized by fever, chills, headache, eye pain, generalized myalgia, arthralgia, diarrhea,(More)
tally a climatic and oceanographic phenomenon, but it has profound effects on terrestrial ecosystems as well. Although the ecological effects of ENSO are becoming increasingly known from a wide range of terrestrial ecosystems (Holmgren et al. 2001; Wright 2005), their impacts have been most intensively studied in arid and semiarid systems. Because(More)
To identify potential zoonotic reservoirs of pathogenic leptospires in the Peruvian Amazon basin, wild mammals were trapped from July 1997 to December 1998 near the city of Iquitos. After extraction of nucleic acids from animal kidneys, DNA of pathogenic leptospires was identified by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assays using one of two primer sets, one(More)
Allpahuayo virus was initially isolated from arboreal rice rats (Oecomys bicolor and Oecomys paricola) collected during 1997 at the Allpahuayo Biological Station in northeastern Peru. Serological and genetic studies identified the virus as a new member of the Tacaribe complex of the genus Arenavirus. The small (S) segment of the Allpahuayo virus prototype(More)
Since Venezuelan equine encephalitis virus (VEEV) was isolated in Peru in 1942, >70 isolates have been obtained from mosquitoes, humans, and sylvatic mammals primarily in the Amazon region. To investigate genetic relationships among the Peru VEEV isolates and between the Peru isolates and other VEEV strains, a fragment of the PE2 gene was amplified and(More)
Habitat fragmentation and conversion are among the human activities that pose the greatest threat to species persistence and conservation of biodiversity. This is particularly true in the Neotropics, where bats represent important components of biodiversity from taxonomic and functional perspectives, and provide critical ecosystem services (e.g., seed(More)
The purpose of this study was to increase our knowledge of the geographic distribution and natural host range of hantaviruses in Texas, southeastern New Mexico, and Mexico. Blood samples from 3,225 wild rodents, representing 34 species, were tested for hantavirus antibody (IgG), using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Hantavirus antibody was found in(More)
peruensis is described as new from specimens collected from Oryzomys yunganus, Proechimys quadruplicatus, and Oryzomys megacephalus taken in Peru. A new character of a nude tactile seta on femur III is noted for the genus and a key to the species of Polylopadium is presented.
The relative effectiveness of five bait types (peanut butter, yuca, plantain, fresh beef, and dried, salted fish) and four trap types (Victor, Sherman, Tomahawk, and pitfall) for capturing small mammals in lowland Neotropical rainforests was evaluated. Peanut butter was the most effective bait and Victor rat traps the most effective trap. Each captured more(More)
In most breathing circuits, ventilation of a patient requires some device to occlude the expiratory limb during inflation. Usually one or another modification of a mushroom exhalation valve is employed. Such valves are found in the Bourns Bear 1 ventilator, the Bennett MA-1 and MA-2 ventilators, and the Emerson postoperative ventilator, as well as in the(More)