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Adeno-associated viruses (AAVs) are single-stranded dependent parvoviruses being developed as transducing vectors. Although at least five serotypes exist (AAV types 1 to 5 [AAV1 to -5]), only AAV2, AAV3, and AAV4 have been sequenced, and the vectors in use were almost all derived from AAV2. Here we report the cloning and sequencing of a second AAV3 genome(More)
Although vectors derived from adeno-associated virus type 2 (AAV2) promote gene transfer and expression in many somatic tissues, studies with animal models and cultured cells show that the apical surface of airway epithelia is resistant to transduction by AAV2 vectors. Approaches to increase transduction rates include increasing the amount of vector and(More)
The contribution of the E6 and E7 open reading frames of human papillomavirus type 6b (HPV6b) and HPV16 to immortalization of human keratinocytes was evaluated by using amphotropic recombinant retroviruses. The HPV16 E7 gene could immortalize primary human keratinocytes without the cooperation of the viral E6 gene; however, E6 was able to contribute(More)
Vectors based on recombinant adeno-associated viruses (rAAV) have emerged as tools of choice for gene transfer to skeletal muscle. rAAV vectors demonstrate efficient, safe, and stable transduction. Multiple serotypes of AAV exist, but vectors based on serotype 2 (rAAV2) are the most thoroughly characterized and frequently employed. Here, we characterize(More)
Cellular tumor suppressors p53 and Rb play an important role in controlling cell proliferation. Inactivation of these tumor suppressor proteins can occur by gene mutation or by association with oncoproteins from the small DNA tumor viruses. One function of p53 is in regulating cell cycle check-point control after DNA damage. To dissect the pathways by which(More)
Previous studies have shown that the E7 gene of human papillomavirus (HPV) type 16 or 18 alone was sufficient for immortalization of human foreskin epithelial cells (HFE) and that the efficiency was increased in cooperation with the respective E6 gene, whereas the HPV6 E6 or E7 gene was not active in HFE. To detect weak immortalizing activities of the HPV6(More)
Vectors derived from adeno-associated virus type 2 (AAV2) promote gene transfer and expression in the lung; however, we have found that while gene expression can persist for at least 8 months in mice, it was reduced dramatically in rabbits over a period of 2 months. The efficiency and persistence of AAV2-mediated gene expression in the human lung have yet(More)
Immortalized cell lines have been used to study infection and replication of adeno-associated virus (AAV) in culture, but primary cells presumably provide a better model for AAV behavior in animals. Here, we have evaluated the ability of AAV vectors to transduce primary and immortalized strains of human epithelial cells and fibroblasts. Two AAV vectors were(More)
The airway is an important target for gene transfer to treat cystic fibrosis and other diseases that affect the lung. We previously found that marker gene expression did not persist in the bronchial epithelium following adeno-associated virus (AAV) vector administration to the rabbit lung. In an attempt to promote continued expression, we tested repeat(More)
The ability of recombinant adeno-associated virus (AAV) vectors to integrate into the host genome and to transduce nondividing cells makes them attractive as vehicles for gene delivery. In this study, we assessed the ability of several AAV vectors to transduce airway cells in rabbits by measuring marker gene expression. AAV vectors that transferred either a(More)