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A revised Bayesian algorithm for estimating surface rain rate, convective rain proportion, and latent heating profiles from satellite-borne passive microwave radiometer observations over ocean backgrounds is described. The algorithm searches a large database of cloud-radiative model simulations to find cloud profiles that are radiatively consistent with a(More)
BACKGROUND Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is an autosomal dominant disorder caused by mutations in sarcomeric proteins. Cardiac troponin I (cTnI) is a key switch molecule in the sarcomere. Mutations in cTnI have been identified in <1% of genotyped HCM families. METHODS To study the prevalence, clinical significance and functional consequences of cTnI(More)
This paper presents a new Bayesian algorithm for retrieving surface rain rate from Tropical Rainfall Measurements Mission (TRMM) Microwave Imager (TMI) over the ocean, along with validations against estimates from the TRMM Precipitation Radar (PR). The Bayesian approach offers a rigorous basis for optimally combining multichannel observations with prior(More)
OBJECTIVES This study describes a genome-wide linkage analysis of a large family with clinically heterogeneous hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM). BACKGROUND Familial HCM is a disorder characterized by genetic heterogeneity. In as many as 50% of HCM cases, the genetic cause remains unknown, suggesting that other genes may be involved. METHODS Clinical(More)
DHPLC is an efficient method for candidate gene scanning with a high level of automation. Single-base substitutions and insertions or deletions of up to 1.5 kb in PCR amplified DNA fragments can be detected. The method exploits the differential retention of homoduplex and heteroduplex DNA species under conditions of partial thermal denaturation. DHPLC(More)
The aim of this prospective, double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled clinical trial was to investigate whether the administration of ketamine before induction with propofol improves its associated haemodynamic profile and laryngeal mask airway (LMA) insertion conditions. Ninety adult patients were randomly allocated to receive either ketamine 0.5 mg x(More)
Genes encoding Ca(2+) regulatory proteins responsible for Ca(2+) homeostasis have been suggested as possible candidates for FHC. Mutations in sarcomere genes account for approximately 50% of all FHC cases indicating other genes, including those involved in Ca(2+) handling, may account for the remainder. The aim of this study was to identify causative(More)
The microvasculature plays an important role in regulating cardiovascular changes in pregnancy, but changes in microvasculature have been difficult to document in vivo. This study objectively quantifies changes in the maternal retinal arteriolar and venular caliber over the course of healthy pregnancy. Healthy pregnant women (n=53) were recruited from Royal(More)
Preeclampsia is a leading cause of maternal morbidity and mortality. The degree of maternal cardiovascular dysfunction that precedes the onset of preeclampsia is largely unknown. This prospective cohort study aimed to characterize differences in vivo in retinal microvascular caliber and blood pressure throughout pregnancy in relation to preeclampsia(More)