Christine Kranz

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OBJECTIVE To determine the biomechanical characteristics and potential clinical efficacy of a cementless modular femoral prosthesis consisting of a variable head (50 to 80 millimeters) and stem (length 120 to 280 millimeters, diameter 10 to 20 millimeters) component in patients with pertrochanteric femoral fracture. DESIGN Finite element analysis (FEA) of(More)
We present a novel approach to develop and process a microelectrode integrated in a standard AFM tip. The presented fabrication process allows the integration of an electroactive area at an exactly defined distance above of the end of a scanning probe tip and the subsequent remodeling and sharpening of the original AFM tip using a focused ion beam (FIB)(More)
Mechanical forces affect biological systems in their natural environment in a widespread manner. Mechanical stress may either stimulate cells or even induce pathological processes. Cells sensing mechanical stress usually respond to such stressors with proliferation or differentiation. Hence, for in vitro studies, the ability to impose a controlled(More)
Secretion of vesicular contents by exocytosis is a fundamental cellular process. Increasing evidence suggests that post-fusion events play an important role in determining the composition and quantity of the secretory output. In particular, regulation of fusion pore dilation and closure is considered a key regulator of the post-fusion phase. However,(More)
The combination of atomic force microscopy (AFM) with infrared attenuated total reflection (IR-ATR) spectroscopy for simultaneous spectroscopic evanescent field absorption and scanning probe measurements is presented. The capabilities of the combined setup are demonstrated by in situ AFM imaging of the dissolution process of urea in a cyclohexane/butanol(More)
We present a new strategy for the label-free electrochemical detection of DNA hybridization for detecting hepatitis C virus based on electrostatic modulation of the ion-exchange kinetics of a polypyrrole film deposited at microelectrodes. Synthetic single-stranded 18-mer HCV genotype-1-specific probe DNA has been immobilized at a(More)
Extracellular adenosine-5'-triphosphate (ATP) is involved in a variety of relevant regulatory mechanisms at a cellular level and has therefore been focus of extensive research. One of the major challenges associated with measuring this key regulatory analyte is the ability to detect and localize extracellular ATP with sufficient spatial and temporal(More)
Often, electrochemically-induced deposition of conducting polymer films on electrode surfaces fails using potentiostatic, galvanostatic or multisweep deposition procedures if bulky substituents at the monomer, nucleophilic attack at intermediate radical cations, hindered diffusional mass transport of the monomer to the electrode surface or the(More)
Emitters of indistinguishable single photons are crucial for the growing field of quantum technologies. To realize scalability and increase the complexity of quantum optics technologies, multiple independent yet identical single-photon emitters are required. However, typical solid-state single-photon sources are inherently dissimilar, necessitating the use(More)
The phytopathogen Xylella fastidiosa grows as a biofilm causing vascular occlusion and consequently nutrient and water stress in different plant hosts by adhesion on xylem vessel surfaces composed of cellulose, hemicellulose, pectin and proteins. Understanding the factors which influence bacterial adhesion and biofilm development is a key issue in(More)