Christine Kei Chin Cheng

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FGF21, a member of the fibroblast growth factor (FGF) superfamily, has recently emerged as a regulator of metabolism and energy utilization. However, the exact mechanism(s) whereby FGF21 mediates its actions have not been elucidated. There is considerable evidence that insulin resistance may arise from aberrant accumulation of intracellular lipids in(More)
FGF21 is a multifunctional metabolic regulator. The co-factor βKlotho (KLB) allows FGF21 to signal via FGF receptors. Given the widespread nature of FGFR expression and KLB presence in several organs, it remains unclear which tissue/FGFR isoform determine FGF21 action. Here we show that deletion of FGFR1 in fat (FR1KO) leads to a complete ablation of FGF21(More)
A primary target of the pleiotropic metabolic hormone FGF21 is adipose tissue, where it initiates a gene expression program to enhance energy expenditure, an effect presumed to be centered on augmented UCP1 expression and activity. In UCP1 null (UCP1KO) mice, we show that the effect of FGF21 to increase the metabolic rate is abolished. However, in contrast(More)
FGF21 has gradually become a focal point in metabolic research given its intriguing and complex biology and relevance to drug discovery. Despite the large amount of accumulated data, there remains a dearth of understanding of FGF21 physiology at the molecular/whole organism level. The scaffold protein βklotho (KLB) has previously been demonstrated in vitro(More)
In many mammals, lactation success depends on substantial use of lipid reserves and requires integrated metabolic activities between white adipose tissue (WAT) and liver. Mechanisms responsible for this integration in lactation are poorly understood, but data collected in other conditions of elevated lipid use suggest a role for fibroblast growth factor-21(More)
The hormone FGF21 regulates carbohydrate and lipid homeostasis as well as body weight, and increasing FGF21 improves metabolic abnormalities associated with obesity and diabetes. FGF21 is thought to act on its target tissues, including liver and adipose tissue, to improve insulin sensitivity and reduce adiposity. Here, we used mice with selective hepatic(More)
Guggulsterone (GS) is the active substance in guggulipid, an extract of the guggul tree, Commiphora mukul, used to treat a variety of disorders in humans, including dyslipidemia, obesity, and inflammation. The activity of GS has been suggested to be mediated by antagonism of the receptor for bile acids, the farnesoid X receptor (FXR). Here, we demonstrate(More)
Glucagon, an essential regulator of glucose homeostasis, also modulates lipid metabolism and promotes weight loss, as reflected by the wasting observed in glucagonoma patients. Recently, coagonist peptides that include glucagon agonism have emerged as promising therapeutic candidates for the treatment of obesity and diabetes. We developed a novel stable and(More)
Fibroblast growth factor 21 is an emerging metabolic regulator that was recently proposed to be a fed-state inducible factor in adipose tissue. As mice lacking FGF21 were refractory to treatment with rosiglitazone, FGF21 was suggested to underlie PPARγ-driven pharmacology and side effect profile (Dutchak et al., 2012 [12]). To evaluate FGF21/PPARγ(More)
The toxic effects of dioxins, such as 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD), mainly through activation of the aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) are well documented. Fibroblast growth factor (Fgf) 21 plays critical roles in metabolic adaptation to fasting by increasing lipid oxidation and ketogenesis in the liver. The present study was performed to(More)