Christine K. Hamilton

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Multi-copied gene families are prevalent in mammalian genomes, especially within the Y chromosome. Testis specific protein Y-encoded (TSPY) is present in variable copy number in many mammalian species. Previous studies have estimated that TSPY ranges from 50-200 copies in cattle. To examine TSPY localization on the Y chromosome we employed fluorescence in(More)
Heat shock transcription factor, Y-linked (HSFY) is a member of the heat shock transcriptional factor (HSF) family that is found in multiple copies on the Y chromosome and conserved in a number of species. Its function still remains unknown but in humans it is thought to play a role in spermatogenesis. Through real time polymerase chain reaction (PCR)(More)
Testis-specific protein Y-encoded (TSPY) is present in varying copy number in both human (20-76 copies) and cattle (37-200 copies), and some studies have linked this variation to semen quality in men. The purpose of this study was to determine if TSPY copy number is associated with fertility in bulls by using adjusted non-return rates, a commonly used(More)
Estrogens and their receptors are present at very early stages of vertebrate embryogenesis before gonadal tissues are formed. However, the cellular source and the function of estrogens in embryogenesis remain major questions in developmental endocrinology. We demonstrate the presence of estrogen-synthesizing enzyme aromatase and G protein-coupled estrogen(More)
BACKGROUND Amphibian declines are now recognized globally. It is also well known that many anurans do not reproduce easily in captivity, especially when held over long periods, or if they require hibernation before breeding. A simple method to induce spawning and subsequent development of large numbers of healthy tadpoles is therefore required to meet(More)
The intent of this study was to evaluate specific technical aspects of in vitro oocyte maturation (IVM), which included container material and solvent delivery vector. Oocytes were matured in oil-free, open-well systems contained in either plastic or glass dishes and compared to control oocytes matured in media droplets on plastic dishes overlaid with(More)
When examining gene expression profiles for the purposes of assessing embryo quality, it is imperative that sex be considered, because many embryonic transcripts have sex-related expression patterns. The objective of this study was to systematically examine eight Y chromosome linked genes (DDX3Y, EIF1AY, HSFY, SRY, TSPY, USP9Y, ZFY, and ZRSR2Y) to(More)
This study was designed to determine if the addition of androgens at ovarian follicular fluid (FF) concentrations to oocyte maturation media would alter the development and sex ratio of bovine embryos. To maximize hormone bioavailability, oil was removed and glass culture dishes were used during in vitro maturation (IVM) phase; this modified system was then(More)
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