Learn More
BACKGROUND The purpose of this study was to investigate current patterns of management and outcomes of intermittent distance exotropia [X(T)] in the UK. METHODS This was an observational cohort study which recruited 460 children aged < 12 years with previously untreated X(T). Eligible subjects were enrolled from 26 UK hospital ophthalmology clinics(More)
BACKGROUND The mortality rate is lower among children admitted to specialist paediatric intensive care units (ICUs) than among those admitted to mixed adult and paediatric units in non-tertiary hospitals. In the UK, however, few children receive intensive care in specialist paediatric units. We compared the ICU mortality rate in children from the area the(More)
BACKGROUND This study presents self-reported traumatic brain injury (TBI) prevalence rates for 2,337 active duty U.S. Army soldiers who underwent baseline testing as part of a larger study of military TBI. METHODS A computerized self-report questionnaire was administered to a convenience sample of 2,337 highly functioning active-duty soldiers at Fort(More)
BACKGROUND Ocular dysmotility is a common feature of Graves' ophthalmopathy and frequently requires strabismus surgery. We reviewed the short-term results of strabismus surgery for Graves' ophthalmopathy to determine pre- and perioperative parameters predictive of postoperative outcome. METHODS A retrospective review of Graves' ophthalmopathy patients who(More)
BACKGROUND Amblyopia is a reversible deficit of vision that has to be treated within the sensitive period for visual development. Screening programmes have been set up to detect this largely asymptomatic condition and refer children for treatment while an improvement in vision is still possible. The value of such programmes and the optimum protocol for(More)
BACKGROUND Stimulus deprivation amblyopia (SDA) develops due to an obstruction to the clear passage of light, preventing clear formation of an image on the retina for example, cataract, ptosis (droopy eyelid). It is particularly severe and can be resistant to treatment and the visual prognosis is often poor. Stimulus deprivation amblyopia is rare and(More)
BACKGROUND Refractive amblyopia is a common cause of reduced visual acuity in childhood, but optimal treatment is not well defined. This review examined the treatment effect from spectacles and conventional occlusion. OBJECTIVES Evaluation of the evidence of the effectiveness of spectacles, occlusion or both in the treatment of unilateral and bilateral(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the PedsQLs performance in children with intermittent exotropia (X[T]) in terms of feasibility, internal consistency, floor-ceiling effects and levels of parent-child agreement. METHODS Children with X(T) aged <12 years were recruited from 26 UK Hospital Eye Clinics/Orthoptic Departments. QOL was assessed using child (n = 166) and(More)
BACKGROUND Unilateral refractive amblyopia is a common cause of reduced visual acuity in childhood, but optimal treatment is not well defined. This review examined the treatment effect from spectacles and conventional occlusion. OBJECTIVES Evaluation of the evidence of the effectiveness of spectacles and or occlusion in the treatment of unilateral(More)