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The site where peripherally administered cholecystokinin-8 elicits satiety was investigated by injecting rats with cholecystokinin-8 (1 to 8 micrograms per kilogram of body weight, intraperitoneally) after they had received bilateral lesions of the ventromedial hypothalamus or after they had undergone bilateral abdominal vagotomy or selective vagotomies.(More)
The satiety effect of cholecystokinin (CCK) that was first observed in rats has now been extended to chickens, rabbits, pigs, sheep, rhesus monkeys, lean mice, genetically obese mice and rats, neurologically obese rats, lean men and women, and obese men. The effect is specific and can be obtained in animals and humans without reports or signs of sickness.(More)
Selective section of afferent vagal axons that reach below the diaphragm blocks the satiating effect of peripherally administered cholecystokinin in the rat. Section of the analogous efferent axons has no effect. After the behavioral tests, the selective axonal sections were confirmed with horseradish peroxidase histochemistry.
Recent pharmacological experiments suggested that central dopaminergic (DA) mechanisms are necessary for the normal eating response to sweet stimuli. To test this hypothesis, we measured the ratio of dihydroxyphenylacetic acid (DOPAC) to dopamine (DA) in forebrain DA terminal fields during the sham feeding of sucrose (1-40%) by rats after 17 hr of food(More)
To improve the efficiency of orally delivered vaccines, PEGylated PLGA-based nanoparticles displaying RGD molecules at their surface were designed to target human M cells. RGD grafting was performed by an original method called "photografting" which covalently linked RGD peptides mainly on the PEG moiety of the PCL-PEG, included in the formulation. First,(More)
Male Sprague-Dawley rats which survived bilateral subdiaphragmatic vagotomy (with hepatic branch intact) exhibited an acute syndrome of hypophagia, hypodipsia and severe loss of body weight when maintained on solid food and water for 14 days after vagotomy. This postvagotomy syndrome was attenuated when rats were maintained on a liquid diet (116EC) chosen(More)
In a recent study we found that when rats sham fed 6% sucrose, 10% sucrose, and 100% corn oil, the rank order of inhibitory potency for D-1 and D-2 receptor antagonists was 6% sucrose greater than 10% sucrose greater than 100% corn oil. In a complementary study, sham-feeding rats preferred 100% corn oil greater than 10% sucrose greater than 6% sucrose as(More)
Recent studies suggest that the decreased drinking response to hypertonic saline produced by bilateral subdiaphragmatic vagotomy (VGX) is a function of the route of saline administration and the length of postoperative recovery. We determined the effects of VGX on drinking during the two hours after intraperitoneal and subcutaneous injections of 0.25, 0.5(More)
The presence of RGD on nanoparticles allows the targeting of beta1 integrins at the apical surface of human M cells and the enhancement of an immune response after oral immunization. To check the hypothesis that non-peptidic ligands targeting intestinal M cells or APCs would be more efficient for oral immunization than RGD, novel non-peptidic and peptidic(More)
Bombesin (2-16 microgram-kg-1, intraperitoneally) inhibited food intake in rats after abdominal vagotomy. Since the same vagotomized rats did not respond to the octapeptide of cholecystokinin (1-8 micrograms-kg-1, intraperitoneally), these data are decisive evidence (1) that bombesin does not produce satiety by releasing endogenous cholecystokinin and (2)(More)