Christine Imbert

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Biofilms cause chronic infections in tissues or by developing on the surfaces of medical devices. Biofilm infections persist despite both antibiotic therapy and the innate and adaptive defence mechanisms of the patient. Biofilm infections are characterized by persisting and progressive pathology due primarily to the inflammatory response surrounding the(More)
1-Methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP) has been shown to induce parkinsonism both in man and non-human primates. Several models have now been developed, but acute MPTP administration does not consistently reproduce all the clinical features of the disease. To mirror the slow evolution observed in human pathology, a chronic model of intoxication(More)
The most valuable model of Parkinson's disease available at present is the primate model treated with 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3, 6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP), frequently used to study response to new drugs or surgical treatments. The evaluation of such therapies requires clinical rating scales which measure precisely motor behaviour in both normal and(More)
The present study sought to determine whether severe 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP) intoxication elicits spontaneous long-term compensatory sprouting in mice. Animals, once treated, were kept without further treatment for 0.5, 1, 5, or 7 months. The stability of the nigral degeneration was checked by evaluation of the number of tyrosine(More)
The experimental models of Parkinson's disease (PD) available today can be divided into two categories according to the mode of action of the compound used: transient pharmacological impairment of dopaminergic transmission along the nigrostriatal pathway or selective destruction by a neurotoxic agent of the dopaminergic neurons of the substantia nigra pars(More)
OBJECTIVES Caspofungin and micafungin belong to the echinocandins; the mechanism of action of echinocandins is based on the inhibition of (1,3)-beta-D-glucan synthase. The aim of this study was to investigate in vitro the optimal antifungal lock treatment details against a Candida albicans biofilm. METHODS An in vitro model of a C. albicans (ATCC 3153 or(More)
A 95 kDa metallopeptidase of Candida albicans could be involved in the process of dissemination of the yeast. Matrix metalloproteases (MMPs) are also responsible for collagen breakdown in inflammatory and malignant processes. We tested six compounds on the C. albicans enzyme. Doxycycline, gentamicin, cefalothin, galardin, and elaidic and oleic acids are(More)
AIMS The amoebae of the genus Hartmanella are frequently recovered from hospital water taps, whereas Pseudomonas aeruginosa is often implicated in nosocomial infections. Previous works suggested that free living amoebae can act as vehicles of bacterial transmission. The present work investigates the relationships between a strain of Hartmanella vermiformis(More)
The antibiofilm activity of 10 terpenes was tested in vitro against three Candida species by 24-h treatment of biofilms aged 1-5 days. Treatment of 24-h-old Candida albicans biofilms with carvacrol, geraniol or thymol (0.06%) resulted in >80% inhibition. Carvacrol (0.03%) inhibition was > or =75% independent of the age of the C. albicans biofilm. Carvacrol(More)
Five antifungal agents with different mechanisms of action were compared for their ability to affect mitochondrial dehydrogenase activity and adherence capacity of Candida albicans to polystyrene and extracellular matrix proteins. Only amphotericin B inhibited mitochondrial dehydrogenase activity when the culture medium was supplemented with galactose.(More)