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The mechanism by which activated protein C stimulates fibrinolysis was studied in a simple radiolabeled clot lysis assay system containing purified tissue-type plasminogen activator, bovine endothelial plasminogen activator inhibitor (PAI), plasminogen, 125I-fibrinogen and thrombin. Fibrinolysis was greatly enhanced by the addition of purified bovine(More)
Monospecific antiserum to an unusually stable Mr 50,000 plasminogen-activator inhibitor (PAI) purified from cultured bovine aortic endothelial cells was employed in conjunction with reverse fibrin autography to determine whether human platelets, serum, and plasma contain immunologically related inhibitors. Reverse fibrin autography revealed the presence of(More)
Conditioned medium from cultured bovine aortic endothelial cells contains an inactive plasminogen activator inhibitor (PAI). This latent PAI can be "activated" with denaturants. For example, less than 0.01 units/microliter of PAI activity was detected in untreated conditioned medium, but medium treated with sodium dodecyl sulfate (1.7 mM), guanidine HCl (4(More)
The plasminogen activator inhibitor 1 (PAI-1) synthesized and released by cultured bovine aortic endothelial cells is present in conditioned medium in a latent form that can be activated by guanidine hydrochloride [Hekman, C. M., & Loskutoff, D. J. (1985) J. Biol. Chem. 260, 11581-11587]. The purified, guanidine-activated PAI-1 was shown to inhibit both(More)
Plasminogen activator inhibitor 1 (PAI-1) was purified from medium conditioned by cultured bovine aortic endothelial cells by successive chromatography on concanavalin A Sepharose, Sephacryl S-200, Blue B agarose, and Bio-Gel P-60. As shown previously for conditioned media (C. M. Hekman and D. J. Loskutoff (1985) J. Biol. Chem. 260, 11581-11587) the(More)
Cultured bovine aortic endothelial cells and human serum contain plasminogen activator inhibitors (PAIs) that are immunologically related. In the present study, the electrophoretic mobilities, molecular weights (mol wt), and activities of these PAIs were compared. When fractionated by agarose zone electrophoresis, both PAIs migrated with beta mobility as(More)
The kinetics of ATP synthesis by bovine heart submitochondrial particles (SMP) are modulated by the rate of energy production by the respiratory chain between two fixed limits characterized by apparent KmADP = 2-4 microM and Vmax approximately 200 nmol of ATP min-1 (mg of SMP protein)-1 at low energy levels and apparent KmADP = 120-160 microM and Vmax =(More)
A spectrophotometric method has been developed for the quantitation of purity of diethylenetriaminepentaacetic anhydride (DTPA-A). This spectrophotometric method is conducted by measuring the absorbance at 275 nm of a 1.5 mg/ml solution of DTPA-A in dry dimethylformamide (DMF). The extinction coefficient at 275 nm for DTPA-A in DMF has been determined to be(More)