Christine Gouarin

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Type 1 diabetes (T1D) in non-obese diabetic (NOD) mice may be favored by immune dysregulation leading to the hyporesponsiveness of regulatory T cells and activation of effector T-helper type 1 (Th1) cells. The immunoregulatory activity of natural killer T (NKT) cells is well documented, and both interleukin (IL)-4 and IL-10 secreted by NKT cells have(More)
Diabetogenic T-cells can be detected in pre-diabetic nonobese diabetic (NOD) mice after transfer in NOD-SCID recipients. Here we demonstrate that 6-week-old pre-diabetic NOD mice, >2 months before disease onset, already harbor pathogenic T-cells in equal numbers to overtly diabetic animals. The delay in diabetes appearance is explained by the presence of(More)
The onset of type 1 diabetes in NOD mice is delayed by oral administration of a bacterial extract (OM-85) and can be completely prevented by its intraperitoneal administration. Optimal prevention is observed when starting treatment at 3 or 6 weeks of age, and some effect is still observed with treatment at 10 weeks of age. Using genetically deficient mice(More)
Twenty-nine patients with anti-glomerular basement membrane (GBM) disease, defined by circulating anti-GBM antibodies and/or linear deposits of immunoglobulin G along GBM, were studied retrospectively to identify prognostic indicators of renal outcome and pulmonary involvement. Patients consisted of 18 males and 11 females aged 6 to 76 years (mean 35.2 +/-(More)
NKT cells are a versatile population whose immunoregulatory functions are modulated by their microenvironment. We demonstrate herein that in addition to their IFN-gamma production, NKT lymphocytes stimulated with IL-12 plus IL-18 in vitro underwent activation in terms of CD69 expression, blast transformation, and proliferation. Yet they were unable to(More)
Depletion of selected regulatory CD4+ T cell subsets induces the spontaneous onset of various immune or autoimmune disorders. It is not clear, however, whether a given subset, notably CD4+CD25+ regulatory T cells, protects from a wide spectrum of immune disorders, or whether specialized subsets of regulatory T cells control each given disease or group of(More)
NK T cells are an unusual subset of T lymphocytes. They express NK1. 1 Ag, are CD1 restricted, and highly skewed toward Vbeta8 for their TCR usage. They express the unique potential to produce large amounts of IL-4 and IFN-gamma immediately upon TCR cross-linking. We previously showed in the thymus that the NK T subset requires IL-7 for its functional(More)
NKT cells are CD4(+) or CD4(-)CD8(-) CD1d-restricted lymphocytes, characterized by the property to rapidly produce IL-4 and IFN-gamma in response to TCR ligation. This IL-4 burst is lacking in autoimmunity-prone SJL and NOD strains of mice, which suggests an immunoregulatory role for NKT cells. The NKT cell status was thus investigated in the genetically(More)
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