Christine Gaunt

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Following the disappointing outcome of the phase IIb test-of-concept step study in which Merck's adenovirus type 5 (Ad5) HIV-1 clade B gag/pol/nef vaccine failed to demonstrate efficacy in HIV high-risk individuals, an extensive review of the trial and preclinical studies which supported the trial is ongoing. One point of interest is how well preclinical(More)
Quantitative analysis of cell-mediated immune responses induced by candidate HIV vaccines requires robust procedures for collecting and processing human peripheral mononuclear blood cells (PBMCs). We evaluated several parameters in order to optimize a sample handling process that would be suitable for a multicenter clinical trial. Among the findings,(More)
An effective vaccine for HIV is likely to require induction of T-cell-mediated immune responses, and the interferon-gamma (IFNgamma) enzyme-linked immunospot (ELISPOT) assay has become the most commonly used assay for measuring these responses in vaccine trials. We optimized and validated the HIV ELISPOT assay using an empirical method to establish(More)
Pneumococcal disease continues to be a medical need even with very effective vaccines on the market. Globally, there are extensive research efforts to improve serotype coverage with novel vaccines; therefore, conducting preclinical studies in different animal models becomes essential. The work presented herein focuses on evaluating a 15-valent pneumococcal(More)
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