Christine Gaboriaud

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A new method for comparing and aligning protein sequences is described. This method, hydrophobic cluster analysis (HCA), relies upon a two-dimensional (2D) representation of the sequences. Hydrophobic clusters are determined in this 2D pattern and then used for the sequence comparisons. The method does not require powerful computer resources and can deal(More)
Hydrophobic cluster analysis (HCA) [15] is a very efficient method to analyse and compare protein sequences. Despite its effectiveness, this method is not widely used because it relies in part on the experience and training of the user. In this article, detailed guidelines as to the use of HCA are presented and include discussions on: the definition of the(More)
C1q is the target recognition protein of the classical complement pathway and a major connecting link between innate and acquired immunity. As a charge pattern recognition molecule of innate immunity, C1q can engage a broad range of ligands via its globular (gC1q) domain and modulate immune cells, probably via its collagen region. The gC1q signature domain,(More)
C1q is a versatile recognition protein that binds to an amazing variety of immune and non-immune ligands and triggers activation of the classical pathway of complement. The crystal structure of the C1q globular domain responsible for its recognition properties has now been solved and refined to 1.9 A of resolution. The structure reveals a compact, almost(More)
Innate immunity relies critically upon the ability of a few pattern recognition molecules to sense molecular markers on pathogens, but little is known about these interactions at the atomic level. Human L- and H-ficolins are soluble oligomeric defence proteins with lectin-like activity, assembled from collagen fibers prolonged by fibrinogen-like recognition(More)
The X-ray structure of human trypsin 1 has been determined in the presence of diisopropyl-phosphofluoridate by the molecular replacement method and refined at a resolution of 2.2 A to an R-factor of 18%. Crystals belong to the space group P4, with two independent molecules in the asymmetric unit packing as crystallographic tetramers. This study was(More)
MAp19 is an alternative splicing product of the MASP-2 gene comprising the N-terminal CUB1-epidermal growth factor (EGF) segment of MASP-2, plus four additional residues at its C-terminal end. Like full-length MASP-2, it forms Ca(2+)-dependent complexes with mannan-binding lectin (MBL) and L-ficolin. The x-ray structure of human MAp19 was solved to a(More)
Ficolins are soluble oligomeric proteins with lectin-like activity, assembled from collagen fibers prolonged by fibrinogen-like recognition domains. They act as innate immune sensors by recognizing conserved molecular markers exposed on microbial surfaces and thereby triggering effector mechanisms such as enhanced phagocytosis and inflammation. In humans,(More)
MASP-1 and MASP-3 are homologous proteases arising from alternative splicing of the MASP1/3 gene. They include an identical CUB(1)-EGF-CUB(2)-CCP(1)-CCP(2) module array prolonged by different serine protease domains at the C-terminal end. The x-ray structure of the CUB(1)-EGF-CUB(2) domain of human MASP-1/3, responsible for interaction of MASP-1 and -3 with(More)