Christine Fischer

Learn More
Cutaneous melanoma occurs in both familial and sporadic forms. We investigated a melanoma-prone family through linkage analysis and high-throughput sequencing and identified a disease-segregating germline mutation in the promoter of the telomerase reverse transcriptase (TERT) gene, which encodes the catalytic subunit of telomerase. The mutation creates a(More)
A quantitative comparison of higher-order chromatin arrangements was performed in human cell types with three-dimensionally (3D) preserved, differently shaped nuclei. These cell types included flat-ellipsoid nuclei of diploid amniotic fluid cells and fibroblasts and spherical nuclei of B and T lymphocytes from peripheral human blood. Fluorescence in-situ(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the effects of early experience on brain function and structure. METHODS A randomized clinical trial tested the neurodevelopmental effectiveness of the Newborn Individualized Developmental Care and Assessment Program (NIDCAP). Thirty preterm infants, 28 to 33 weeks' gestational age (GA) at birth and free of known developmental(More)
The risk of diabetic nephropathy is partially genetically determined. Diabetic nephropathy is linked to a gene locus on chromosome 18q22.3-q23. We aimed to identify the causative gene on chromosome 18 and to study the mechanism by which the product of this gene could be involved in the development of diabetic nephropathy. DNA polymorphisms were determined(More)
BACKGROUND Diabetic nephropathy is the major cause of end-stage renal failure in patients with diabetes mellitus types 1 and 2. Epidemiological studies have suggested a genetic susceptibility to diabetic nephropathy. The aim of this study was to localize the gene(s) responsible for susceptibility to diabetic nephropathy. METHODS A genetic linkage analysis(More)
Diarrhea predominant irritable bowel syndrome (IBS-D) is a complex disorder related to dysfunctions in the serotonergic system. As cis-regulatory variants can play a role in the etiology of complex conditions, we investigated the untranslated regions (UTRs) of the serotonin receptor type 3 subunit genes HTR3A and HTR3E. Mutation analysis was carried out in(More)
Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is an often fatal disorder resulting from several causes including heterogeneous genetic defects. While mutations in the bone morphogenetic protein receptor type II (BMPR2) gene are the single most common causal factor for hereditary cases, pathogenic mutations have been observed in approximately 25% of idiopathic PAH(More)
OBJECTIVE The potential value of haplotypes has attracted widespread interest in the mapping of complex traits. Haplotype sharing methods take the linkage disequilibrium information between multiple markers into account, and may have good power to detect predisposing genes. We present a new approach based on Mantel statistics for spacetime clustering, which(More)
The objective of this prospective study was to assess safety and efficacy of exercise training in a large cohort of patients with different forms and World Health Organization (WHO) functional classes of chronic pulmonary hypertension (PH). 183 patients with PH (pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH), chronic thromboembolic PH and PH due to respiratory or(More)
The pharmacokinetics, metabolism and pharmacodynamics of verapamil (160 mg p.o. of a pseudoracemic mixture) were evaluated in six healthy volunteers before and after coadministration of cimetidine (400 mg b.i.d.). Enantiomers of verapamil and enantiomers of three major urinary metabolites (norverapamil, D-617 and D-620) were determined in plasma and urine(More)