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Marine invertebrates and a growing number of marine bacteria are the sources of novel, bioactive secondary metabolites. Structurally, many of these compounds appear to be biosynthesized by polyketide synthases (PKS) and/or nonribosomal peptide synthetases (NRPS) that have also been found in terrestrial microbes. This review highlights scientific advances(More)
New therapeutics are urgently needed to combat the immense disease burden of tuberculosis and related mycobacterial diseases worldwide. Natural products continue to provide leads for the development of novel drugs to treat the rapidly growing numbers of patients with multi- and extensively-drug resistant tuberculosis. This review presents natural products(More)
Bifunctional inhibitors were designed and synthesized based on 1-[(2-hydroxyethoxy)methyl]-6-(phenylthio)thymine (HEPT)a1 non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase (RT) inhibitors and diketoacid (DKA) integrase (IN) inhibitors. Biochemical studies revealed activity against RT and IN at low nanomolar and low micromolar concentrations, respectively. Exceptionally(More)
Though traditionally perceived as weapons, antibiotics are also hypothesized to act as microbial signals in natural habitats. However, while subinhibitory concentrations of antibiotics (SICA) are known to shift bacterial gene expression, specific hypotheses as to how SICA influence the ecology of natural populations are scarce. We explored whether(More)
Success in biological control of plant diseases remains inconsistent in the field. A collection of well-characterized Streptomyces antagonists (n = 19 isolates) was tested for their capacities to inhibit pathogenic Streptomyces scabies (n = 15 isolates). There was significant variation among antagonists in ability to inhibit pathogen isolates and among(More)
Acacia hydaspica R. Parker is known for its medicinal uses in multiple ailments. In this study, we performed bioassay-guided fractionation of cytotoxic compounds from A. hydaspica and investigated their effects on growth and signaling activity in prostate and breast cancer cell lines. Four active polyphenolic compounds were identified as 7-O-galloyl(More)
A Palauan specimen of the ascidian Lissoclinum patella contained the cyclic peptides patellamides A-C. In contrast to previous reports concerning the location of cyclic peptides in L. patella and L. bistratum, it has been demonstrated that these cyclic peptides were not located in the symbiotic cyanobacterium Prochloron sp. but were instead distributed(More)
We report on the structure elucidation of arnamial, a new Delta(2,4)-protoilludane everninate ester from the fungus Armillaria mellea, and on the apoptotic activity of arnamial as well as the cytotoxic activity of structurally related compounds on selected human cancer cells. Arnamial showed cytotoxicity against Jurkat T cells, MCF-7 breast adenocarcinoma,(More)
Rational design of dually active inhibitors against human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) reverse transcriptase (RT) and integrase (IN) has proved viable with 1-[(2-hydroxyethoxy)methyl]-6-(phenylthio)thymine (HEPT) type of non-nucleoside RT inhibitors (NNRTIs). To establish the pharmacophore and study the structure-activity relationships (SAR) of integrase(More)
We sequenced and annotated the complete 7,170,504-bp genome of a novel secondary metabolite-producingStreptomycesstrain,Streptomyces albusSM254, isolated from copper-rich subsurface fluids at ~220-m depth within the Soudan Iron Mine (Soudan, MN, USA).