Christine E. McLaren

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BACKGROUND Iron overload and hemochromatosis are common, treatable conditions. HFE genotypes, levels of serum ferritin, transferrin saturation values, and self-reported medical history were studied in a multiethnic primary care population. METHODS Participants were recruited from primary care practices and blood-drawing laboratories. Blood samples were(More)
Curcumin is derived from the spice tumeric and has antiinflammatory and antineoplastic effects in vitro and in animal models, including preventing aberrant crypt foci (ACF) and adenomas in murine models of colorectal carcinogenesis. Inhibiting the production of the procarcinogenic eicosanoids prostaglandin E₂ (PGE₂) and 5-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid(More)
UNLABELLED The evidence that mutations in the HFE gene for hemochromatosis are associated with increased cancer risk is inconsistent. The Melbourne Collaborative Cohort Study is a prospective cohort study that commenced recruitment in 1990. Participants born in Australia, New Zealand, the United Kingdom, or Ireland (n = 28,509) were genotyped for the HFE(More)
BACKGROUND AND METHODS We tested the usefulness of measuring the hepatic iron concentration to evaluate total body iron stores in patients who had been cured of thalassemia major by bone marrow transplantation and who were undergoing phlebotomy treatment to remove excess iron. RESULTS We began treatment with phlebotomy a mean (+/-SD) of 4.3+/-2.7 years(More)
To examine the relationship between hepatic iron stores and plasma ferritin concentration in individuals treated with red cell transfusion and iron chelation therapy, 37 patients with sickle cell anemia and 74 patients with thalassemia major were studied. In each patient, hepatic iron stores were measured by an independently validated noninvasive magnetic(More)
To examine the effect of iron chelation on mortality in cerebral malaria, we enrolled 352 children in a trial of deferoxamine in addition to standard quinine therapy at 2 centres in Zambia, one rural and one urban. Entrance criteria included age < 6 years, Plasmodium falciparum parasitaemia, normal cerebral spinal fluid, and unrousable coma. Deferoxamine(More)
The Bowman-Birk inhibitor (BBI) is a soybean-derived serine protease inhibitor and a potential cancer chemopreventive agent for humans. In this Phase I clinical trial, BBI concentrate was administered as a single oral dose to 24 subjects with oral leukoplakia. Pharmacokinetics of BBI was analyzed, and subjects were monitored clinically for toxic effects.(More)
Exposure to particulate matter (PM) air pollution has been shown to exacerbate children's asthma, but the exposure sources and temporal characteristics are still under study. Children's exposure to PM is likely to involve both combustion-related ambient PM and PM related to a child's activity in various indoor and outdoor microenvironments. Among 19(More)
The existence of multiple inherited disorders of iron metabolism in man, rodents and other vertebrates suggests genetic contributions to iron deficiency. To identify new genomic locations associated with iron deficiency, a genome-wide association study (GWAS) was performed using DNA collected from white men aged≥25 y and women≥50 y in the Hemochromatosis(More)
Two specific applications of finite mixture distributions in haematology include (1) the analysis of the distribution of red blood cell volumes to characterize and quantify alterations in erythrocyte subpopulations in anaemia and (2) the analysis of the distribution of transferrin saturation to estimate subpopulation parameters based on individual genotype(More)