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OBJECTIVES To investigate concern that local industrial air pollution in Teesside, England, was causing poor health, several areas there were compared with parts of the City of Sunderland. METHODS Populations in similar social and economic circumstances but varying in their proximity to major industries were compared. Study populations lived in 27 housing(More)
Besides its toxicity, groundwater arsenic contamination creates widespread social problems for its victims and their families in Bangladesh. There is, for instance, a tendency to ostracise arsenic-affected people, arsenicosis being thought of as a contagious disease. Within the community, arsenic-affected people are barred from social activities and often(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVE The prevalence of asthma was assessed to investigate respiratory health effects of airborne emissions from a factory. A geographical information system allowed flexible definition of study areas in terms of their size, distance, and location in relation to the factory. The value of the approach for this type of investigation is focussed on.(More)
In this paper we explore how the presence of hazardous industry may affect the identity of a place and the people who live there. Drawing on Goffman's seminal work on stigma - together with recent debates on environmental and technological stigma - we extend the concepts of difference and spoiled identity from the individual to place. The paper is based on(More)
In the analysis of spatially referenced public health data, members of different disciplinary groups (geographers, epidemiologists and statisticians) tend to select different methodological approaches, usually those with which they are already familiar. This paper compares three such approaches in terms of their relative value and results. A single public(More)
This study investigated the relationships between Legionnaires' disease (LD) incidence and weather in Glasgow, UK, by using advanced statistical methods. Using daily meteorological data and 78 LD cases with known exact date of onset, we fitted a series of Poisson log-linear regression models with explanatory variables for air temperature, relative humidity,(More)
This study assesses whether deprived populations living close to industry experience greater mortality from lung cancer than populations with comparable socioeconomic characteristics living farther away. Mortality data, census data, a postal survey of living circumstances, historic and contemporary data on air quality and a historic land-use survey were(More)
Despite examples showing the usefulness of geographical information systems (GIS) and spatial point pattern analysis in health research, there remain barriers to their widespread use within health service settings. This paper explores potential users' views on the relative usefulness of such approaches for analysing spatially referenced environmental health(More)