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Child food insecurity is measured using parental reports of children's experiences based on an adult-generated conceptualization. Research on other child experiences (e.g. pain, exposure to domestic violence) cautions that children generally best report their own experiences, and parents' reports of children's experiences may lack adequate validity and(More)
BACKGROUND Snacking contributes to excessive energy intakes in children. Yet factors shaping child snacking are virtually unstudied. This study examines food parenting practices specific to child snacking among low-income caregivers. METHODS Semi-structured interviews were conducted in English or Spanish with 60 low-income caregivers of preschool-aged(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to gain conceptual understanding of the cognitive processes involved in food choice among low- to moderate-income rural women. DESIGN This interpretivist study used grounded theory methods and a theory-guided approach. PARTICIPANTS/SETTING Sixteen women aged 18 to 50 years from varied household compositions were(More)
Employed parents' work and family conditions provide behavioral contexts for their food choices. Relationships between employed parents' food-choice coping strategies, behavioral contexts, and dietary quality were evaluated. Data on work and family conditions, sociodemographic characteristics, eating behavior, and dietary intake from two 24-hour dietary(More)
OBJECTIVE How work conditions relate to parents' food choice coping strategies. DESIGN Pilot telephone survey. SETTING City in the northeastern United States (US). PARTICIPANTS Black, white, and Hispanic employed mothers (25) and fathers (25) randomly recruited from low-/moderate-income zip codes; 78% of those reached and eligible participated. MAIN(More)
This study sought to gain conceptual understanding of the situational nature of eating and drinking by analyzing 7 consecutive, qualitative 24-h recalls of foods and beverages consumed from 42 US adults who worked in non-managerial, non-professional positions. Participants were purposively recruited to vary in age, gender, occupation, and household(More)
BACKGROUND Chronic inflammation is linked to poor lifestyle behaviors and a variety of chronic diseases that are prevalent among African Americans, especially in the southeastern U.S. PURPOSE The goal of the study was to test the effect of a community-based diet, physical activity, and stress reduction intervention conducted in 2009-2012 on reducing serum(More)
The use of faith-based organizations as sites to deliver diet and physical activity interventions is increasing. Methods to assess the messaging environment within churches are limited. Our research aimed to develop and test an objective assessment methodology to characterize health messages, particularly those related to diet and physical activity, within(More)
This project examined adults' food cognitions by applying schema theory to explain how adults categorized foods for different contexts. Qualitative interviews and repeated card sort activities for different eating contexts were conducted to elicit as many food categories as possible from 42 US adults. Participants labeled card sort piles with their own(More)
We have isolated and sequenced a set of deletions stimulated by DNA palindromes in Escherichia coli. All of the deletions are asymmetric with respect to the parental sequence and have occurred at short direct repeats. This is consistent with deletion by strand slippage during DNA replication. The orientation of the asymmetry in such deletion products is(More)