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The pairwise comparison of RNA secondary structures is a fundamental problem, with direct application in mining databases for annotating putative noncoding RNA candidates in newly sequenced genomes. An increasing number of software tools are available for comparing RNA secondary structures, based on different models (such as ordered trees or forests, arc(More)
The function of seven paralogues phylogenetically related to the Saccharomyces cerevisiae Fur4p together with a number of functionally related transporters present in Aspergillus nidulans has been investigated. After deletion of the cognate genes we checked the incorporation of radiolabelled substrates, utilization of nitrogen sources, resistance to toxic(More)
In this article we study the cellular expression of UapA and AzgA, the two major purine transporters of Aspergillus nidulans, by constructing strains expressing, from their native promoters, fully functional fluorescent (UapA-sGFP, AzgA-sGFP) or immunological (UapA-His) chimeric transporters. Epifluorescence microscopy and immunodetection showed that under(More)
The azgA gene of Aspergillus nidulans encodes a hypoxanthine-adenine-guanine transporter. It has been cloned by a novel transposon methodology. The null phenotype of azgA was defined by a number of mutations, including a large deletion. In mycelia, the azgA gene is, like other genes of purine catabolism, induced by uric acid and repressed by ammonium. Its(More)
The xanthine oxidases and dehydrogenases are among the most conserved enzymes in all living kingdoms. They contain the molybdopterin cofactor Moco. We show here that in the fungi, in addition to xanthine dehydrogenase, a completely different enzyme is able to catalyse the oxidation of xanthine to uric acid. In Aspergillus nidulans this enzyme is coded by(More)
In Aspergillus nidulans the xanA gene codes for a xanthine alpha-ketoglutarate-dependent dioxygenase, an enzyme only present in the fungal kingdom. The 5' region of this gene, including its putative promoter and the first 54 codons of the open reading frame, together with the first intron is duplicated in the genome. This duplication corresponds to a(More)
The CRISPR (clustered, regularly, interspaced, short, palindromic repeats)-Cas (CRISPR-associated genes) systems of archaea and bacteria provide adaptive immunity against viruses and other selfish elements and are believed to curtail horizontal gene transfer (HGT). Limiting acquisition of new genetic material could be one of the sources of the fitness cost(More)
MultiLocus Variable number of tandem repeat Analysis (MLVA) has been extensively used to examine epidemiological and evolutionary issues on monomorphic human pathogenic bacteria, but not on bacterial plant pathogens of agricultural importance albeit such tools would improve our understanding of their epidemiology, as well as of the history of epidemics on a(More)
Since the last ten years several tools have been proposed for RNA secondary structure pairwise comparison. These tools use different models (ordered tree or forest, arc annotated sequence, multi-level tree) and methods (edit distance, alignment). We present a first benchmark on these tools. For various RNA families, we built two sets of secondary(More)
Clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats (CRISPRs) are DNA sequences composed of a succession of repeats (23-50 bp long) separated by unique sequences called spacers. CRISPRs together with a set of genes called cas for CRISPR associated, constitute a defence mechanism against invasion by foreign sequences. We describe protocols and(More)