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This study prospectively investigates whether noninvasive functional transcranial Doppler sonography (fTCD) is a useful tool to determine hemispheric language lateralization in the presurgical evaluation of patients with medically intractable temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE). fTCD results were compared with the Wada test as the gold standard. Wada test and fTCD(More)
Buruli ulcer, caused by Mycobacterium ulcerans, is a chronic ulcerative skin disease, found predominantly in central and west Africa and Australia. A boy of 2.5 years of age from Angola was admitted to our hospital with severe kwashiokor and a large ulcer with undermined edges on the left side of the thorax. Further examination revealed anaemia,(More)
Ovarian carcinomas are associated with increased inflammation which is based upon an up-regulation of inducible cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2). Moreover, based on our previous published data, the extra-renal vitamin D metabolism seems to be dysregulated in comparison to healthy tissue. In order to gain further insight into the prostaglandin (PG)- and vitamin(More)
The goal in breast conserving surgery (BCS) of ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) is removal of the tumor with a clear surgical margin. However, re-excision rates are regrettably high. To date, there are no adequate procedures for intraoperative margin assessment of DCIS. A multicenter, single arm study was conducted to evaluate the benefit of a novel device(More)
Functional transcranial Doppler sonography was used to study hemispheric language dominance (HLD) in 24 right-handed patients with left temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) and a structural lesion in the left temporal lobe and in 69 healthy controls. Twenty-five percent of the patients and 4% of controls showed atypical (right or bilateral) HLD. Degree of HLD was(More)
Assessment of margins when excising ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) of the breast is difficult. Frozen section is unreliable and specimen intraoperative radiography only provides information regarding the extent of the visualized lesion or the microcalcifications. A multi-center, single arm study was conducted to evaluate the benefit of a novel device(More)
INTRODUCTION Although non-puerperal mastitis is rare and its cause is rather unclear, the number of patients diagnosed with this defect is increasing. In some cases, standard therapy fails and it progresses to a chronic disease. Vacuum-assisted closure (VAC) therapy has shown good results in healing complex wounds. PATIENTS AND METHODS The goal of this(More)
Prostaglandin metabolism plays a pivotal role in inflammatory processes and has also been demonstrated to have a role in carcinogenesis, tumor differentiation and tumor growth in breast cancer. Cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) is the key involved enzyme, as it triggers prostaglandin synthesis. We reviewed the current literature regarding the impact of prostaglandin(More)
BACKGROUND Breast cancer is associated with inflammatory processes based on an up-regulation of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) expression. The antiproliferative effects of calcitriol (1,25(OH)(2)D(3)) mediated via the vitamin D receptor (VDR) render vitamin D a promising target in breast cancer therapy. First data suggest a correlation between vitamin D and(More)
BACKGROUND The antiproliferative effects of calcitriol (1,25(OH)2D3) mediated via the vitamin D receptor (VDR), render the biologically active form of vitamin D a promising target in breast cancer therapy. Furthermore, breast cancer is associated with inflammatory processes based on an up-regulation of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) expression, the prostaglandin(More)