Christine D. Dijkstra

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In the present study, a set of three monoclonal antibodies is described, each of which recognizes cells of the monocyte-macrophage lineage in the rat. The tissue distribution, in particular in lymphoid organs, of each of the three monoclonals is determined by immunoenzyme histochemistry on cryostat sections, as well as on cell suspensions. Results show that(More)
Almost 50% of the cells infiltrating the central nervous system (CNS) of animals with experimental allergic encephalomyelitis (EAE) are macrophages (M psi). To investigate the role of the M psi in the pathogenesis of EAE, we eliminated M psi by means of mannosylated liposomes containing dichloromethylene diphosphonate (Cl2MDP). Cl2MDP-containing liposomes(More)
Enhanced cerebrovascular permeability and cellular infiltration mark the onset of early multiple sclerosis lesions. So far, the precise sequence of these events and their role in lesion formation and disease progression remain unknown. Here we provide quantitative evidence that blood-brain barrier leakage is an early event and precedes massive cellular(More)
Perivascular macrophages (PVM) constitute a subpopulation of resident macrophages in the central nervous system (CNS) that by virtue of their strategic location at the blood-brain barrier potentially lend themselves to a variety of important functions in both health and disease. Functional evidence suggests that PVM play a supportive role during(More)
Organ-specific autoimmune diseases are characterized by infiltrates, including T lymphocytes and activated macrophages. Macrophages and secondarily activated tissue resident counterparts can both present Ag to and contribute to cytokine secretion by T lymphocytes. We have previously shown a crucial role of peripheral macrophages in experimental allergic(More)
OBJECTIVE Axonal degeneration is the likely cause of disease progression in multiple sclerosis (MS). Our previous results indicated that neuron-specific N-acetylaspartate (NAA) is a candidate CSF biomarker for disease progression in MS. The aim of this study was to explore the potential of NAA as an early biomarker of axonal damage in MS. Next, we wanted to(More)
Macrophages play a dual role in multiple sclerosis (MS) pathology. They can exert neuroprotective and growth promoting effects but also contribute to tissue damage by production of inflammatory mediators. The effector function of macrophages is determined by the way they are activated. Stimulation of monocyte-derived macrophages in vitro with interferon-γ(More)
Sphingolipids are a class of biologically active lipids that have a role in multiple biological processes including inflammation. Sphingolipids exert their functions by direct signaling or through signaling by their specific receptors. Phosphorylated FTY720 (FTY720P) is a sphingosine 1-phosphate (S1P) analogue that is currently in trial for treatment of(More)
The plasma membrane glycoprotein receptor CD163 is a member of the scavenger receptor cystein-rich (SRCR) superfamily class B that is highly expressed on resident tissue macrophages in vivo. Previously, the molecule has been shown to act as a receptor for hemoglobin-haptoglobin complexes and to mediate cell-cell interactions between macrophages and(More)