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Mixed lymphohematopoietic chimerism can be induced in mice with bone marrow transplantation (BMT) after a nonmyeloablative preparative regimen that includes cyclophosphamide, anti-T-cell antibody therapy, and thymic irradiation. These mixed chimeras are resistant to the induction of graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) after delayed donor leukocyte infusions(More)
BACKGROUND Two patients with end-stage renal disease secondary to multiple myelomas were treated with combined kidney and bone marrow transplantation in an effort to achieve donor-specific allotolerance through the induction of mixed lymphohematopoietic chimerism. METHODS Two female patients (55 and 50 years of age) with end-stage renal disease secondary(More)
In an attempt to capture graft-versus-tumor effects without graft-versus-host disease (GVHD), the authors initiated a trial of nonmyeloablative allogeneic bone marrow transplantation (BMT) in patients with advanced hematologic malignancies, with the majority of patients having chemotherapy-refractory disease. Forty-two patients received an HLA-matched(More)
BACKGROUND Experimental and clinical evidence has demonstrated that the establishment of allogeneic chimerism after bone marrow transplantation may provide donor-specific tolerance for solid organ allografts. METHODS Based on the preliminary results of a clinical trial using nonmyeloablative preparative therapy for the induction of mixed(More)
BACKGROUND HLA-mismatched donor bone-marrow transplantation after standard myeloablative conditioning therapy for haematological malignant disorders has been limited by severe graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) and graft failure. We tested a new approach to find out whether lymphohaemopoietic graft-versus-host reactions could occur without excessive GVHD in(More)
Pneumonia due to Pneumocystis carinii is an infrequent complication following autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT) which is associated with a high mortality. Although administration of trimethoprim/sulfa- methoxazole (TMP/SMX) is an effective prophylactic strategy for Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia (PCP), treatment-associated toxicity frequently(More)
The original definition of hepatic veno-occlusive disease (VOD), which is still widely accepted, includes onset of the clinical syndrome before day +20 following high-dose chemotherapy (HDC) and stem cell transplantation (SCT). We retrospectively identified four patients following HDC and SCT presenting with late onset VOD occurring at day +24, day +27, day(More)
Infections are a common complication of allogeneic bone marrow transplantation and the leading cause of transplantation-related mortality. It had been hypothesized that transplantation following nonmyeloablative preparative regimens would result in fewer infections by causing less mucosal injury, less graft-versus-host disease, and allowing earlier immune(More)
While high-dose chemotherapy and stem cell transplantation is associated with higher complete response rates than conventional chemotherapy in patients with metastatic breast cancer (MBC), its role in conferring a survival advantage is unproven. We report the results of a prospective phase II trial of 33 patients accrued between 1996 to 1998 with(More)
Based on a murine model, we conducted a series of trials of m-myeloablative human leucocyte antigen (HLA)-matched or mismatched related donor stem cell transplantation (SCT) with the intention of inducing mixed chimaerism (MC), then administering prophylactic donor lymphocyte infusions (DLIs), for the treatment of advanced haematologic malignancies.(More)