Christine Clayton

Learn More
Leishmania species cause a spectrum of human diseases in tropical and subtropical regions of the world. We have sequenced the 36 chromosomes of the 32.8-megabase haploid genome of Leishmania major (Friedlin strain) and predict 911 RNA genes, 39 pseudogenes, and 8272 protein-coding genes, of which 36% can be ascribed a putative function. These include genes(More)
We previously described a system for exogenous control of gene expression in procyclic trypanosomes which depends upon the binding of a tetracycline-inducible repressor to operators situated at the transcriptional start site of the PARP promoter. The recombinant constructs are introduced into non-transcribed spacers of the ribosomal RNA repeat, in an(More)
Gene expression in Kinetoplastids is very unusual in that the open reading frames are arranged in long polycistronic arrays, monocistronic mRNAs being created by post-transcriptional processing. Thus the regulation of gene expression is post-transcriptional. We here discuss recent results concerning the enzymes required for mRNA degradation, and components(More)
An inducible expression system was developed for the protozoan parasite Trypanosoma brucei. Transgenic trypanosomes expressing the tetracycline repressor of Escherichia coli exhibited inducer (tetracycline)-dependent expression of chromosomally integrated reporter genes under the control of a procyclic acidic repetitive protein (PARP) promoter bearing a tet(More)
In trypanosomes there is an almost total reliance on post-transcriptional mechanisms to alter gene expression; here, heat shock was used to investigate the response to an environmental signal. Heat shock rapidly and reversibly induced a decrease in polysome abundance, and the consequent changes in mRNA metabolism were studied. Both heat shock and polysome(More)
The variant-specific surface glycoprotein (VSG) gene 221 of Trypanosoma brucei is transcribed as part of a 60 kb expression site (ES). We have identified the promoter controlling this multigene transcription unit by the use of 221 chromosome-enriched DNA libraries and VSG gene 221 expression site specific transcripts. The start of transcription was(More)
In Kinetoplastids, protein-coding genes are transcribed polycistronically by RNA polymerase II. Individual mature mRNAs are generated from polycistronic precursors by 5' trans splicing of a 39-nt capped leader RNA and 3' polyadenylation. It was previously known that trans splicing generally occurs at an AG dinucleotide downstream of a polypyrimidine tract,(More)
The eukaryotic Ccr4/Caf1/Not complex is involved in deadenylation of mRNAs. The Caf1 and Ccr4 subunits both potentially have deadenylating enzyme activity. We investigate here the roles of Ccr4 and Caf1 in deadenylation in two organisms that separated early in eukaryotic evolution: humans and trypanosomes. In Trypanosoma brucei, we found a complex(More)