Christine Clar

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During 8 h of either isocapnic or poikilocapnic hypoxia, there may be a rise in ventilation (VE) that cannot be rapidly reversed with a return to higher PO2 (L. S. G. E. Howard and P. A. Robbins. J. Appl. Physiol. 78:1098-1107, 1995). To investigate this further, three protocols were compared: 1) 8-h isocapnic hypoxia [end-tidal PCO2 (PETCO2) held at(More)
Ventilation (VE) rises throughout 40 min of constant elevated end-tidal PCO2 without reaching steady state (S. Khamnei and P. A. Robbins. Respir. Physiol. 81: 117-134, 1990). The present study investigates 8 h of euoxic hypercapnia to determine whether VE reaches steady state within this time. Two protocols were employed: 1) 8-h euoxic hypercapnia(More)
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic inflammatory disease of the central nervous system which is accompanied by considerable disability and high costs. This report summarises the evidence on effectiveness and costs of beta-interferons and natalizumab in the treatment of multiple sclerosis.The review included systematic reviews and randomised controlled(More)
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