Christine Chrysohoou

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BACKGROUND Numerous studies have found that ambient air pollution has been associated with cardiovascular disease exacerbation. OBJECTIVES Given previous findings, we hypothesized that particulate air pollution might induce systemic inflammation in myocardial infarction (MI) survivors, contributing to an increased vulnerability to elevated concentrations(More)
BACKGROUND In an attempt to evaluate the levels of several cardiovascular risk factors in Greece we conducted a population-based health and nutrition survey, the "ATTICA study". In this work we present the design and the methodology of the study, as well as the status of various baseline characteristics of the participants. METHODS From May 2001 to(More)
BACKGROUND Although new endoscopic techniques can enhance the ability to detect a suspicious lung lesion, the primary diagnosis still depends on subjective visual assessment. We evaluated whether thermal heterogeneity of solid tumors, in bronchial epithelium, constitutes an additional marker for the diagnosis of benign and malignant lesions. METHODS A new(More)
BACKGROUND Physical activity has long been associated with reduced risk of coronary heart disease (CHD). In this work we evaluated the effect of physical activity on lipid levels, in a sample of cardiovascular disease free people. METHODS The ATTICA study is a population-based cohort that has randomly enrolled 2772 individuals, stratified by age-gender(More)
OBJECTIVES In this work we investigated the effect of the consumption of the Mediterranean diet on coronary risk, in subjects with the metabolic syndrome. METHODS During 2000-2002, we randomly selected, from all Greek regions, 848 hospitalised patients (695 males, 58 +/- 10 & 153 females, 65 +/- 9 years old) with a first event of acute coronary syndrome(More)
BACKGROUND We aimed to investigate if overweight and obese adults "close" to Mediterranean diet present better insulin, lipids profile and better pressure levels, compared to individuals close to a more Westernized diet. METHODS The ATTICA study is a population-based cohort that has randomly enrolled 3042 adult men and women, stratified by age - gender,(More)
BACKGROUND The purpose of this study was to investigate the association between secondhand smoke and the risk of developing a first event of acute coronary syndromes (ACS), i.e. acute myocardial infarction or unstable angina, among non-smokers, in relation to the presence of several other cardiovascular risk factors. METHODS Eight hundred and forty-eight(More)
Background. There are places around the world where people live longer and they are active past the age of 100 years, sharing common behavioral characteristics; these places (i.e., Sardinia in Italy, Okinawa in Japan, Loma Linda in California and Nicoya Peninsula in Costa Rica) have been named the "Blue Zones". Recently it was reported that people in Ikaria(More)
BACKGROUND Elevated liver enzymes are markers of liver steatosis and metabolic syndrome. We aimed to investigate the association of Mediterranean diet on the relationship between aminotransferases (i.e., AST, ALT, gGT) and the metabolic syndrome. METHODS The ATTICA study has randomly enrolled 1514 adult males (18-87 yrs) and 1528 females (18-89 yrs) from(More)
BACKGROUND Beta-thalassaemia major (b-TM) has been defined as a combination of chronic hemolytic anemia, iron storage disease and myocarditis, and it has been associated with premature death especially due to heart failure. To the best of our knowledge the status of blood lipids in these patients has rarely been investigated. Thus, we assessed the levels of(More)