Christine Chomienne

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Nuclear bodies (NBs) are ultrastructurally defined granules predominantly found in dividing cells. Here we show that PML, a protein involved in the t(15;17) translocation of acute promyelocytic leukaemia (APL), is specifically bound to a NB. PML and several NB-associated proteins, found as auto-antigens in primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC), are co-localized(More)
Twenty-two patients with acute promyelocytic leukemia were treated with all-trans retinoic acid (RA, 45 mg/m2 per day) for 90 days. Of the 22, four patients were previously untreated, two were resistant after conventional chemotherapy, and 16 were in first (n = 11), second (n = 4), or third (n = 1) relapse. We observed 14 complete response, four transient(More)
Two sorts of proteins bind to, and mediate the developmental and homeostatic effects of, retinoic acid (RA): the RAR and RXR nuclear receptors, which act as ligand-dependent transcriptional regulators, and the cellular RA binding proteins (CRABPI and CRABPII). CRABPs are generally known to be implicated in the synthesis, degradation, and control of(More)
We have previously shown that the t(15;17) translocation specifically associated with acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) fuses the retinoic acid receptor alpha (RAR alpha) locus to an as yet unknown gene, initially called myl and now renamed PML. We report here that this gene product contains a novel zinc finger motif common to several DNA-binding proteins.(More)
Interferon-alpha (IFN-alpha) is a nonleukemogenic treatment of polycythemia vera (PV) able to induce cytogenetic remissions. Its use is limited by toxicity, leading to treatment discontinuation in approximately 20% of patients. We completed a phase 2 multicenter study of pegylated IFN-alpha-2a in 40 PV patients. Objectives included evaluation of efficacy,(More)
All-trans retinoic acid (ATRA) can induce complete remission (CR) in most patients with acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) through in vivo differentiation of APL-blasts. However, it cannot eliminate the leukemic clone and must be used in combination with anthracycline-based chemotherapy. Experience accumulated over the last 10 years has clearly shown that(More)
Analysis of a variant translocation t(11;17) in a case of acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) led to discovery of a novel zinc finger gene, PLZF, fused to the retinoic acid receptor-alpha (RAR alpha) gene. We reviewed the clinical and molecular features of five additional patients with t(11;17)-associated APL. The clinical course of three patients was(More)
PURPOSE To determine the results of treatment combining all-trans-retinoic acid (ATRA) and chemotherapy (CT) in childhood acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL). PATIENTS AND METHODS Children (< 18 years) with newly diagnosed APL were included in the APL93 trial, treated by ATRA followed or combined with daunorubicin-cytarabine, and then randomly assigned(More)
The cancer stem cell (CSC) concept has important therapeutic implications, but its investigation has been hampered both by a lack of consistency in the terms used for these cells and by how they are defined. Evidence of their heterogeneous origins, frequencies and their genomic, as well as their phenotypic and functional, properties has added to the(More)
We designed a multicenter randomized trial comparing chemotherapy with daunorubicin-Ara C (chemotherapy group) and all transretinoic acid (ATRA) combined to the same chemotherapy (ATRA group) in newly diagnosed APL patients aged 65 years or less. The major endpoint of the study was event-free survival (EFS) ("events" being defined as failure to achieve(More)