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The Triage parasite panel (BIOSITE Diagnostics, San Diego, Calif.) is a new qualitative enzyme immunoassay (EIA) panel for the detection of Giardia lamblia, Entamoeba histolytica/E. dispar, and Cryptosporidium parvum in fresh or fresh, frozen, unfixed human fecal specimens. By using specific antibodies, antigens specific for these organisms are captured and(More)
The purpose of this article is to describe and discuss a relatively unknown and underestimated technical approach to the orthodontic extrusion of impacted canine teeth. It constitutes a preliminary report of a researcher project conducted in our undergraduate clinics on patients treated for orthodontic extrusion of impacted teeth. Of these patients,(More)
The aim of this study was to evaluate pancreatic juice secretion of calves in the first postnatal days, and determine a potential involvement of cholecystokinin (CCK) and intestinal CCK receptor in its regulation. Nine neonatal Friesian calves (five controls and four treated intraduodenally with FK480, a CCK-A receptor antagonist) were surgically fitted(More)
Type IV pili mediate the initial interaction of many bacterial pathogens with their host cells. In Neisseria meningitidis, the causative agent of cerebrospinal meningitis, type IV pili-mediated adhesion to brain endothelial cells is required for bacteria to cross the blood-brain barrier. Here, type IV pili-mediated adhesion of N. meningitidis to human brain(More)
Neisseria meningitidis is a commensal bacterium of the human nasopharynx. Occasionally, this bacterium reaches the bloodstream and causes meningitis after crossing the blood-brain barrier by an unknown mechanism. An immunohistological study of a meningococcal sepsis case revealed that neisserial adhesion was restricted to capillaries located in low blood(More)
Protein feeding is known to decrease hunger and subsequent food intake in animals and humans. It has also been suggested that glucose appearance into portal vein, as occurring during meal assimilation, may induce comparable effects. Here, we connect these previous observations by reporting that intestinal gluconeogenesis (i.e., de novo synthesis of glucose)(More)
A method for identification of Candida albicans within 5 min was evaluated by using 4,643 yeast isolates. Six false-positive and three false-negative reactions were observed. The specificity (99.87%) and sensitivity (99.74%) obtained indicate that the Bichro-latex albicans test is a useful method for the rapid identification of C. albicans colonies.
Menin, the product of the tumor suppressor gene MEN1, is widely expressed in mammalian endocrine and non-endocrine tissues, including intestine. Its known abundant expression in several types of cells with high proliferative capacity led us to investigate the physiological function of the protein menin in intestinal epithelium, one of the most rapidly(More)
Modification of codon 306 in embB is regarded as the main mechanism leading to ethambutol (ETB) resistance in clinical isolates of Mycobacterium tuberculosis. However, numerous mutations elsewhere in the embCAB locus and in embR, a putative transcriptional activator of this locus, have been reported to be involved in ETB resistance. Here, we investigated(More)
Peptones are potent stimulants of cholecystokinin (CCK) release in rats, both in vivo and ex vivo in a model of isolated vascularly perfused duodeno-jejunum preparation and in vitro in the intestinal CCK-producing cell line STC-1. The underlying mechanisms were here investigated with this cell line. Protein hydrolysates from various origins (meat, casein,(More)