Christine Beedham

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The authors tested 239 frequently used drugs and other compounds for their potential to inhibit the drug-metabolizing enzyme, aldehyde oxidase, in human liver cytosol. A sensitive, moderate throughput HPLC-MS assay was developed for 1-phthalazinone, the aldehyde oxidase-catalyzed product of phthalazine oxidation. Inhibition of this activity was examined for(More)
Famciclovir, a 9-substituted guanine derivative, is a new antiviral agent which undergoes rapid hydrolysis and oxidation in man to yield the active antiherpes agent, penciclovir. Studies with human liver cytosol have indicated that the oxidation of the penultimate metabolite, 6-deoxypenciclovir, to penciclovir is catalyzed by the molybdenum hydroxylase,(More)
In spite of over 40 years of clinical use of 6-mercaptopurine, many aspects of complex pharmacology and metabolism of this drug remain unclear. It is thought that 6-mercaptopurine is oxidized to 6-thiouric acid through 6-thioxanthine or 8-oxo-6-mercaptopurine by one of two molybdenum hydroxylases, xanthine oxidase (XO), however, the role of other molybdenum(More)
The activity of hepatic aldehyde oxidase from rabbit, guinea pig, rat, marmoset, dog, baboon and man was investigated in vitro with charged and uncharged N-heterocyclic substrates: Km and Vmax values were determined for phthalazine, 6,7-dimethoxy-l-[-4-(ethylcarbamoyloxy)piperidino]phthalazine (carbazeran), quinine and quinidine. The oxidation of(More)
The interaction of a series of 1-substituted phthalazine derivatives with partially purified aldehyde oxidase from rabbit, guinea-pig and baboon liver, and with bovine milk xanthine oxidase, has been investigated. Of the 18 compounds examined, rabbit liver aldehyde oxidase metabolized 10, whereas guinea-pig and baboon liver enzyme oxidized 13 and 14,(More)
Aliphatic aldehydes have a high affinity toward aldehyde dehydrogenase activity but are relatively poor substrates of aldehyde oxidase and xanthine oxidase. In addition, the oxidation of xenobiotic-derived aromatic aldehydes by the latter enzymes has not been studied to any great extent. The present investigation compares the relative contribution of(More)
Ziprasidone (Geodon, Zeldox), a recently approved atypical antipsychotic agent for the treatment of schizophrenia, undergoes extensive metabolism in humans with very little (<5%) of the dose excreted as unchanged drug. Two enzyme systems have been implicated in ziprasidone metabolism: the cytosolic enzyme, aldehyde oxidase, catalyzes the predominant(More)
Cinchona alkaloids (quinine, quinidine, cinchonine, and cinchonidine) were incubated with partially purified aldehyde oxidase from rabbit or guinea pig liver. Reversed-phase HPLC methods were developed to separate the oxidation products from the parent drugs, and the metabolites were identified on the basis of their infrared and mass spectral(More)