Christine B. F. Thien

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Responses to extracellular stimuli are often transduced from cell-surface receptors to protein tyrosine kinases which, when activated, initiate the formation of protein complexes that transmit signals throughout the cell. A prominent component of these complexes is the product of the proto-oncogene c-Cbl, which specifically targets activated protein(More)
Although myeloid leukemias are primarily caused by leukemic stem cells, the molecular basis of their transformation remains largely unknown. Here, by analyzing mice with a mutation in the RING finger domain of c-Cbl, we show that the E3 ubiquitin ligase activity of c-Cbl is required to restrict myeloid leukemia development. These mice develop a(More)
The c-Cbl protooncogene can function as a negative regulator of receptor protein tyrosine kinases (RPTKs) by targeting activated receptors for polyubiquitination and downregulation. This function requires its tyrosine kinase binding (TKB) domain for targeting RPTKs and RING finger domain to recruit E2 ubiquitin-conjugating enzymes. It has therefore been(More)
The activation of signalling pathways by ligand engagement with transmembrane receptors is responsible for determining many aspects of cellular function and fate. While these outcomes are initially determined by the nature of the ligand and its receptor, it is also essential that intracellular enzymes, adaptor proteins and transcription factors are(More)
The 120 kD product of the c-cbl oncogene is rapidly tyrosine phosphorylated and recruited to the EGF receptor following ligand binding. Cbl's oncogenic potential is activated by a large carboxy-terminal truncation that generated v-cbl and removes the Ring finger and proline-rich SH3-binding domains. Here we show that this truncation reveals a novel and(More)
Casitas b-lineage lymphoma (c-Cbl) is an E3 ubiquitin ligase that has an important role in regulating the degradation of cell surface receptors. In the present study we have examined the role of c-Cbl in whole-body energy homeostasis. c-Cbl-/- mice exhibited a profound increase in whole-body energy expenditure as determined by increased core temperature and(More)
Hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) are multipotent progenitors that give rise to all types of blood cells. In the present study, we document that HSC development and functions are negatively regulated by the E3 ubiquitin ligase c-Cbl (casitas B-cell lymphoma). HSCs of c-Cbl(-/-) mice exhibit augmented pool size, hyperproliferation, greater competence, and(More)
v-cbl is the transforming gene of a murine retrovirus which induces pre-B cell lymphomas and myelogenous leukaemias. It encodes 40 kDa of a gag fusion protein which is localized in the cytoplasm and nucleus of infected cells. The c-cbl oncogene encodes a 120 kDa cytoplasmic protein and its overexpression is not associated with tumorigenesis. The c-cbl(More)
Signaling from the T-cell receptor (TCR) in thymocytes is negatively regulated by the RING finger-type ubiquitin ligase c-Cbl. To further investigate this regulation, we generated mice with a loss-of-function mutation in the c-Cbl RING finger domain. These mice exhibit complete thymic deletion by young adulthood, which is not caused by a developmental(More)
The c-Cbl protein is tyrosine phosphorylated and forms complexes with a wide range of signalling partners in response to various growth factors. How c-Cbl interacts with proteins, such as Grb2, phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase, and phosphorylated receptors, is well understood, but its role in these complexes is unclear. Recently, the Caenorhabditis elegans Cbl(More)