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BACKGROUND The new Chronic Kidney Disease Epidemiology Collaboration (CKD-EPI) equation was developed to address the systematic underestimation of the glomerular filtration rate (GFR) by the Modification of Diet in Renal Disease (MDRD) Study equation in patients with a relatively well-preserved kidney function. The performance of the new equation for kidney(More)
Four heuristic algorithms based on or inspired by the well-known Tabu Search method have been used to cast heuristically optimized schedules for a clinical training unit of a hospital. It has been found experimentally that the algorithm of choice for this problem depends on the exact goal being sought where the execution time is one of the components of the(More)
BACKGROUND Although previous research has demonstrated that referral to pre-dialysis clinics is associated with favourable objective outcomes, the benefit of a pre-dialysis clinic from the perspective of patient-perceived subjective outcomes, such as quality of life (QOL), is less well defined. METHODS A retrospective incident cohort study was conducted(More)
BACKGROUND Quantification of proteinuria (albuminuria) in renal transplant recipients is important for diagnostic and prognostic purposes. Recent guidelines have recommended quantification of proteinuria by spot protein-to-creatinine ratio (PCR) or spot albumin-to-creatinine ratio (ACR). Validity of spot measurements remains unclear in renal transplant(More)
BACKGROUND The international initiative to standardize creatinine (Cr) assays by tracing reference materials to Isotope Dilution Mass Spectrometry (IDMS) assigned values was implemented to reduce interlaboratory variability and improve assay accuracy. OBJECTIVE The aims of this study were to examine whether IDMS standardization has improved Cr assay(More)
BACKGROUND Agreement between spot and 24-hour urine protein measurements is poor in kidney transplant recipients. We investigated whether using formulae to estimate creatinine excretion rate (eCER), rather than assuming a standard creatinine excretion rate, would improve the estimation of proteinuria from spot urine samples in kidney transplant recipients.(More)
BACKGROUND The 2012 Kidney Dialysis Initiative Global Outcomes chronic kidney disease (CKD) classification scheme subdivides stage 3 CKD and incorporates the urinary albumin-to-creatinine ratio (ACR). The aim of this study was to evaluate whether the novel scheme provides graded risk in kidney transplant recipients (KTRs). METHODS Prevalent KTRs with(More)