Christine A. Swanson

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Data from the 1999-2000 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, a nationally representative, cross-sectional survey of US health and nutrition, were analyzed to assess prevalence of dietary supplement use overall and in relation to lifestyle and demographic characteristics. Fifty-two percent of adults reported taking a dietary supplement in the(More)
Despite the established role of obesity in the etiology of endometrial cancer, limited data are available from analytical epidemiologic studies on the association of risk with dietary factors. A case-control study of 399 cases and 296 controls conducted in five areas of the United States from 1 June 1987 to 15 May 1990, enabled evaluation of risk related to(More)
This paper reports on the enrollment phase of a population-based natural history study of cervical neoplasia in Guanacaste, a rural province of Costa Rica with consistently high rates of invasive cervical cancer. The main goals of the study are to investigate the role of human papillomavirus (HPV) infection and its co-factors in the etiology of high-grade(More)
BACKGROUND The relationship between diet and pancreatic cancer remains unclear. In this study, we assessed the role of diet and nutrition as risk factors for pancreatic cancer, using data obtained from direct interviews only, rather than data from less reliable interviews with next of kin. We evaluated whether dietary factors could explain the higher(More)
To gain insight into whether breast cancer tumors jointly classified by estrogen receptor (ER) and progesterone receptor (PR) status represent diseases with differing etiologies, data from a population-based case-control study of US women 20-44 years of age were analyzed. Cases included 1,556 women diagnosed between 1990 and 1992. Age- and(More)
To evaluate relationships of serum carotenoids, α-tocopherol, selenium, and retinol with breast cancer prospectively, we conducted a case-control study nested in a cohort from the Breast Cancer Serum Bank in Columbia, Missouri (United States). Women free of cancer donated blood to this bank in 1977-87. During up to 9.5 years of follow-up (median = 2.7(More)
In a population-based case-control study of parous women less than 45 years of age, we evaluated the relations of various pregnancy characteristics to maternal breast cancer risk. Cases (N = 1,239) diagnosed with in situ or invasive breast cancer from 1990 to 1992 in Atlanta, GA, Seattle/Puget Sound, WA, and five counties in central New Jersey, and(More)
This report is a summary of a symposium on the role of S-adenosylmethionine (SAM), betaine, and folate in the treatment of alcoholic liver disease (ALD), which was organized by the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism in collaboration with the Office of Dietary Supplements and the National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine of(More)
In a multicenter case-control study that included 403 cases and 297 controls, we examined the relation of past and contemporary body size, including body fat distribution, to the risk of endometrial cancer. The relative contributions of past and contemporary body size were assessed by examining weight and height histories provided by the subjects.(More)
The incidence of in situ breast cancer in the USA has increased rapidly in recent years, even among young women. A population-based case-control study of 1616 breast cancer cases aged under 45 in the USA was used to examine risk factors for in situ, local and regional/distant tumours. Almost 60% of in situ tumours were detected by routine mammograms(More)