Learn More
To evaluate relationships of serum carotenoids, α-tocopherol, selenium, and retinol with breast cancer prospectively, we conducted a case-control study nested in a cohort from the Breast Cancer Serum Bank in Columbia, Missouri (United States). Women free of cancer donated blood to this bank in 1977-87. During up to 9.5 years of follow-up (median = 2.7(More)
Prostate cancer is the most common malignancy in men in the United States, with substantially higher rates among American blacks than whites. We carried out a population-based case-control study in three geographic areas of the United States to evaluate the reasons for the racial disparity in incidence rates. A total of 932 men (449 black men and 483 white(More)
This report is a summary of a symposium on the role of S-adenosylmethionine (SAM), betaine, and folate in the treatment of alcoholic liver disease (ALD), which was organized by the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism in collaboration with the Office of Dietary Supplements and the National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine of(More)
Despite the established role of obesity in the etiology of endometrial cancer, limited data are available from analytical epidemiologic studies on the association of risk with dietary factors. A case-control study of 399 cases and 296 controls conducted in five areas of the United States from 1 June 1987 to 15 May 1990, enabled evaluation of risk related to(More)
BACKGROUND The relationship between diet and pancreatic cancer remains unclear. In this study, we assessed the role of diet and nutrition as risk factors for pancreatic cancer, using data obtained from direct interviews only, rather than data from less reliable interviews with next of kin. We evaluated whether dietary factors could explain the higher(More)
BACKGROUND It has been suggested that identified risk factors for endometrial cancer operate through a single etiologic pathway, i.e., exposure to relatively high levels of unopposed estrogen (estrogen in the absence of progestins). Only a few studies, however, have addressed this issue directly. PURPOSE We assessed the risk of developing endometrial(More)
The incidence of in situ breast cancer in the USA has increased rapidly in recent years, even among young women. A population-based case-control study of 1616 breast cancer cases aged under 45 in the USA was used to examine risk factors for in situ, local and regional/distant tumours. Almost 60% of in situ tumours were detected by routine mammograms(More)
In a population-based case-control study of parous women less than 45 years of age, we evaluated the relations of various pregnancy characteristics to maternal breast cancer risk. Cases (N = 1,239) diagnosed with in situ or invasive breast cancer from 1990 to 1992 in Atlanta, GA, Seattle/Puget Sound, WA, and five counties in central New Jersey, and(More)
BACKGROUND In the United States, the incidence of adenocarcinoma of the esophagus, including the esophagogastric junction, has been increasing rapidly over the past two decades. Except for an association with Barrett's esophagus, little is known about the etiology of these cancers. PURPOSE Our purpose was to investigate dietary and nutritional risk(More)
Among postmenopausal women, obesity is linked to increased risk of breast cancer and poorer subsequent survival. For premenopausal women, obesity may reduce incidence, but less is known about its effect on prognosis, particularly for abdominal obesity. This study investigated whether general or abdominal obesity at diagnosis influenced survival in a cohort(More)