Christine A. Shugrue

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BACKGROUND/AIMS Anti-angiogenic pigment epithelium-derived factor (PEDF) is a 50 kDa secreted glycoprotein that is highly expressed in hepatocytes. Adipose triglyceride lipase (ATGL), a novel lipase critical for triglyceride metabolism, is a receptor for PEDF. We postulated that hepatocyte triglyceride metabolism was dependent on interactions between PEDF(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Protease activation within the pancreatic acinar cell is a key early event in acute pancreatitis and may require low pH intracellular compartments. Clinical studies suggest that acidosis may affect the risk for developing pancreatitis. We hypothesized that exposure to an acid load might sensitize the acinar cell to secretagogue-induced(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Polarity is critical for hepatocyte function. Ca(2+) waves are polarized in hepatocytes because the inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate receptor (InsP3R) is concentrated in the pericanalicular region, but the basis for this localization is unknown. We examined whether pericanalicular localization of the InsP3R and its action to trigger Ca(2+)(More)
Edwin C. Thrower, Sara Osgood, Christine A. Shugrue, Thomas R. Kolodecik, Anamika M. Chaudhuri, Joseph R. Reeve Jr, Stephen J. Pandol, and Fred S. Gorelick Department of Internal Medicine, Section of Digestive Diseases, Department of Cell Biology, Veterans Affairs Connecticut Healthcare of West Haven, and Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven,(More)
Isoforms of protein kinase C (PKC) have been shown to modulate some cellular responses such as pathological secretion and generation of inflammatory mediators during acute pancreatitis (AP). We propose that PKC also participates in premature zymogen activation within the pancreatic acinar cell, a key event in the initiation of AP. This hypothesis was(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Ethanol abuse can lead to hepatic steatosis and evolve into cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma. Pigment epithelium-derived factor (PEDF) is a multifunctional secreted glycoprotein that is expressed by hepatocytes. Proteomic, experimental, and clinical studies implicate PEDF's role in lipid regulation. Because matrix metalloproteinase(More)
PURPOSE OF THE REVIEW Pancreatic cancer is extremely aggressive, forming highly chemo-resistant tumors, and has one of the worst prognoses. The evolution of this cancer is multi-factorial. Repeated acute pancreatic injury and inflammation are important contributing factors in the development of pancreatic cancer. This article attempts to understand the(More)
Acute pancreatitis is a painful, life-threatening disorder of the pancreas whose etiology is often multi-factorial. It is of great importance to understand the interplay between factors that predispose patients to develop the disease. One such factor is an excessive elevation in pancreatic acinar cell Ca(2+). These aberrant Ca(2+) elevations are triggered(More)
An early feature of acute pancreatitis is activation of zymogens, such as trypsinogen, within the pancreatic acinar cell. Supraphysiologic concentrations of the hormone cholecystokinin (CCK; 100 nM), or its orthologue cerulein (CER), induce zymogen activation and elevate levels of cAMP in pancreatic acinar cells. The two classes of adenylyl cyclase,(More)
The pathologic activation of proteases within the pancreatic acinar cell is a key initiating event in acute pancreatitis. Past studies have suggested that the generation of a low-pH environment is critical to this process. Vacuolar adenosine triphosphatase (vATPase) is a multiprotein complex that transports protons across cellular membranes. Activation of(More)
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