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OBJECTIVES Patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) have an increased risk of venous thrombotic events. The risk of arterial thrombotic events in IBD, however, has been less well characterized. We explored whether Crohn's disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC) are associated with a higher risk for thrombotic events involving the mesenteric, cardiac,(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Multiple randomized controlled trials (RCTs) have been conducted to determine therapeutic efficacy of the biological agents for the inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD). However, the external validity of findings from RCTs might be compromised by their stringent selection criteria. We investigated the proportion of patients encountered during(More)
GOALS The objective of this study was to determine how gastroenterologists perceive and use probiotic-based therapies in practice. BACKGROUND In the United States, there has been a recent increase in research investigating the therapeutic capacities of probiotics in human disease and an accompanying increase in product availability and marketing. How(More)
The thiopurines azathioprine and 6-mercaptopurine have been used in the treatment of Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis for over 40 years. Randomized controlled trials have supported their use in the treatment of active disease, as well as for the maintenance of disease remission. Presently, the most debated issues surrounding the thiopurines include:(More)
BACKGROUND Implementation of the 2010 Affordable Care Act (ACA) calls for a collaborative effort to transform the U.S. health care system toward patient-centered and value-based care. To identify how specialty care can be improved, we mapped current U.S. health care utilization in patients with inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) using a national insurance(More)
BACKGROUND The fundamentals of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) education begin during gastroenterology fellowship training. We performed a survey of gastroenterology fellowship program directors (PDs) and trainees with the aim to further examine the current state of IBD training in the United States. METHODS A 15-question PD survey and 19-question(More)
The management of inflammatory bowel disease in the older patient extends beyond the gastrointestinal tract. Pre-existing comorbidities, polypharmacy, functional status and physical reserve can impact disease course, response to therapy and quality of life. Current therapeutic endpoints may not be as immediately applicable to the older IBD patient at higher(More)
GOALS The aim of this study was to examine the impact of immunosuppressive therapy on the morbidity of intestinal surgery in patients with Crohn's disease. BACKGROUND An increasing number of immunomodulating agents are being used in the treatment of Crohn's disease. The effect of these medications on surgical morbidity is controversial. STUDY We(More)
PURPOSE Although image-guided percutaneous drainage is increasingly being used to treat Crohn's disease-related abdominopelvic abscesses, surgery is seldom avoided. The aim of this study was to compare outcomes following the treatment of intra-abdominal Crohn's abscesses with percutaneous drainage followed by surgery to those after surgery alone. METHODS(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS The influence of age on the presentation, clinical course, and therapeutic response of patients with adult-onset ulcerative colitis (UC) is understudied. Given potential age-related differences in risk factors and immune function, we sought to determine if disease behavior or clinical outcomes differed between patients diagnosed with UC in(More)