Christina Waters

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The antivascular effects of photodynamic therapy (PDT) and their mechanisms are not clearly understood. Here, we examined the effects of PDT with a novel photosensitizer MV6401 on the microvasculature in a mammary tumor (MCaIV) grown in a murine dorsal skinfold chamber and in normal tissue controls. The mice were irradiated with light 15 min after i.v.(More)
The receptor binding requirements for entry of the NAD+ ADP-ribosyltransferase component of DAB486-IL 2 into target cells were examined. Experiments utilizing cell lines bearing either high-affinity or individual subunits of the interleukin 2 receptor (IL 2R) as well as human peripheral blood mononuclear cells with natural killer activity demonstrate that(More)
Arginine is known to increase the luminescence in vivo and in vitro of the marine bacterium Beneckea harveyi growing in minimal medium. Mutants in which this arginine effect is either diminished, or absent were isolated as bright clones on a minimal medium after N-methyl-N'-nitro-N-nitrosoguanidine mutagenesis. On a minimal medium both with and without(More)
The interleukin 2-diphtheria toxin-related fusion protein (IL-2-toxin) rapidly inhibits protein synthesis in IL-2 receptor (IL-2R)-bearing phytohemagglutinin-activated T cells but transiently stimulates DNA synthesis. At 7 hr after interaction with IL-2R+ phytohemagglutinin-activated T cells, IL-2-toxin-treated cells bear augmented steady-state levels of(More)
The IL-2 toxin-mediated inhibition of protein synthesis in high affinity IL-2-R-positive murine and human T cell lines has been examined. Both excess free IL-2 and mAb to the Tac epitope of the p55 subunit of IL-2-R are shown to block the action of IL-2 toxin; whereas, agents that interact with other receptors or antigens on the T cell surface have no(More)
The high-affinity interleukin 2 (IL-2) receptor is a heterotrimer consisting of alpha, beta, and gamma subunits. We examined the concentration of subunit mRNA for each of the three protein subunits on human hematopoietic cell lines, human peripheral blood mononuclear cells, and murine fibroblasts transfected with cDNAs encoding the human IL-2 receptor(More)
BACKGROUND Studies of human IgE-secreting B cells have proven difficult because of the small size of this population. We have used an interleukin-4 (IL-4) fusion toxin to detect functionally IL-4 receptor (IL-4R) expression on B cells involved in IgE synthesis. METHODS In diphtheria toxin IL-4 (DAB389IL-4) the receptor-binding domain of diphtheria toxin(More)
DAB389IL-2 is a genetically engineered fusion protein that reduces human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) replication in activated, interleukin (IL)-2 receptor (IL-2R)-expressing human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC). The level of infectious virus released by cultured PBMC after treatment with DAB389IL-2 was measured by a quantitative(More)
Acquired immune deficiency syndrome-associated Kaposi's sarcoma (AIDS-KS)-derived spindle cells produce and use interleukin 6 (IL-6) among several other cytokines as a growth factor. In this study we show that AIDS-KS cells express approximately 1100 high-affinity IL-6 receptors (IL-6R) per cell with a dissociation constant (Kd) of 110 pM. Furthermore,(More)