Christina Valkova

Learn More
gamma-Secretase is involved in the production of amyloid beta-peptide, which is the principal component of amyloid plaques in the brains of patients with Alzheimer disease. gamma-Secretase is a complex composed of presenilin (PS), nicastrin, anterior pharynx-defective phenotype 1 (Aph1) and PS enhancer 2 (Pen2). We previously proposed a mechanism of complex(More)
gamma-Secretase is critically involved in the Notch pathway and in Alzheimer's disease. The four subunits of gamma-secretase assemble in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) and unassembled subunits are retained/retrieved to the ER by specific signals. We here describe a novel ER-retention/retrieval signal in the transmembrane domain (TMD) 4 of presenilin 1, a(More)
Disrupted-in-Schizophrenia 1 (DISC1) is a prominent susceptibility gene for major psychiatric disorders. Previous work indicated that DISC1 plays an important role during neuronal proliferation and differentiation in the cerebral cortex and that it affects the positioning of radial migrating pyramidal neurons. Here we show that in mice, DISC1 is necessary(More)
Transactivation of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) by G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) has been attributed to the activation of matrix metalloproteases (MMPs) and the release of EGF family ligands such as HB-EGF. This mode of transactivation leads to signalling downstream of EGFR which is indistinguishable from that induced by the ligand. Here we(More)
Rer1 is a sorting receptor in the early secretory pathway that controls the assembly and the cell surface transport of selected multimeric membrane protein complexes. Mice with a Purkinje cell (PC) specific deletion of Rer1 showed normal polarization and differentiation of PCs and normal development of the cerebellum. However, PC-specific loss of Rer1 led(More)
Transactivation of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) by G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) is currently understood to be mediated by matrix metalloproteases (MMPs) and the release of EGF-like ligands. This ligand-mediated process also suggests that downstream of EGFR the signalling in response to GPCR ligands or EGF appears to be indistinguishable.(More)
Phospholipase Cgamma1 (PLCgamma1) represents a major downstream signalling component of the epidermal growth factor (EGF) receptor (EGFR) and is activated by tyrosine phosphorylation. Here we show for the first time that cellular knockdown of protein kinase Cepsilon (PKCepsilon) leads to decreased activation of PLCgamma1 by EGF and that EGF induces tyrosine(More)
The nicotinic acetylcholine receptor of skeletal muscle is composed of five subunits that are assembled in a stepwise manner. Quality control mechanisms ensure that only fully assembled receptors reach the cell surface. Here, we show that Rer1, a putative Golgi-ER retrieval receptor, is involved in the biogenesis of acetylcholine receptors. Rer1 is(More)
A germ cell nuclear antigen with approximately 44-kDa molecular weight was identified by a novel monoclonal antibody designated as Mab 2F2 from the library we have accumulated against rat testicular cells. In immature 20-day-old and adult rat testis the recognized antigen was expressed in the nuclei of early meiotic cells from preleptotene to early(More)
Maize and pea plants were grown on liquid nutrient medium. NaCl was applied to roots for 10 days. Salt treatment reduced growth of roots and shoots of both plants by more than 20% and 50%, respectively. Total RNA content isolated from growing root parts of both plants was lower under stress. Total RNA content of stressed maize apical parts did not change(More)