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Alzheimer's disease (AD) is characterized by progressive neurodegeneration leading to loss of cognitive abilities and ultimately to death. Postmortem investigations revealed decreased expression of cerebral insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-1 receptor (IGF-1R) and insulin receptor substrate (IRS) proteins in patients with AD. To elucidate the role of(More)
In a retrospective 6-year follow-up, we assessed the reasons for and the frequency and consequences of non-adherence in 76 affectively ill patients receiving lithium prophylaxis in two lithium clinics. Thirty-eight bipolar (50%), 21 unipolar (27.6%) and 17 schizoaffective patients (22.4%) diagnosed according to DSM-III-R, were investigated with a(More)
Several studies have indicated that patients with bipolar disorder (BD) who respond well to lithium prophylaxis constitute a biologically distinct subgroup. Lithium is thought to stabilize mood by acting at the phosphoinositide cycle. We have investigated a polymorphism located in the gene (PLCG1) that codes for a gamma-1 isozyme of phospholipase (PLC), an(More)
A number of association studies have investigated the role of the monoamine oxidase A (MAOA) gene in the susceptibility to bipolar disorder. Although some studies have reported positive findings, there remains some controversy, because results from different studies have not been consistent. A common explanation for inconsistencies between studies is(More)
OBJECTIVE To test for genetic linkage and association with GABAergic candidate genes in lithium-responsive bipolar disorder. DESIGN Polymorphisms located in genes that code for GABRA3, GABRA5 and GABRB3 subunits of the GABAA receptor were investigated using association and linkage strategies. PARTICIPANTS A total of 138 patients with bipolar 1 disorder(More)
One's feelings of intimacy and connectedness with distal, fictional media characters are referred to as parasocial interactions. Video games have challenged this concept, as the distance between game players and characters is greatly reduced, if not completely removed, in virtual environments. Games encourage the internalization and psychological merging of(More)
The expression of adrenomedullin (AM) and atrial natriuretic factor (ANF) were investigated in the myocardium of a rat model of chronic ischemic heart failure (CHF) compared with sham-operated controls. In addition, human myocardium of patients with end-stage heart failure due to idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy compared with myocardium of normal subjects(More)
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