Christina Schümann

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Malolactic enzymes (MLE) are known to directly convert L-malic acid into L-lactic acid with a catalytical requirement of nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD (+) ) and Mn ( 2+) ; however, the reaction mechanism is still unclear. To study a MLE, the structural gene from Oenococcus oeni strain DSM 20255 was heterologously expressed in Escherichia coli,(More)
Lactobacillus plantarum is involved in a multitude of food related industrial fermentation processes including the malolactic fermentation (MLF) of wine. This work is the first report on a recombinant L. plantarum strain successfully conducting MLF. The malolactic enzyme (MLE) from Oenococcus oeni was cloned into the lactobacillal expression vector pSIP409(More)
We cloned and expressed a gene encoding a thermostable cellobiose dehydrogenase (CDH) from the thermophilic ascomycete Myriococcum thermophilum. The 2904bp long open reading frame contained six introns located either close to the 5'- or 3'-end of the ORF. The corresponding cDNA of 2487bp was cloned into the expression vector pPICZalphaB to achieve inducible(More)
Lactic acid bacteria (LAB) are responsible for olfactory changes in wine during malolactic fermentation (MLF). A side characteristic of MLF is the release of grape derived aroma compounds from their glycosylated precursors by β-glycosidase activities of these bacteria. Apart from Oenococcus oeni, which is regarded as the most promising species for MLF,(More)
Putative α-L-arabinofuranosidases of Oenococcus oeni and Lactobacillus brevis were heterologously expressed and characterized. We report the basic functional properties of the recombinant enzymes in comparison to those of a commercial family 51 arabinosidase of Aspergillus niger.
AIMS To study glycosidase activities of a Lactobacillus brevis strain and to isolate an intracellular beta-glucosidase from this strain. METHODS AND RESULTS Lactic acid bacteria (LAB) isolated from a commercially available starter culture preparation for malolactic fermentation were tested for beta-glycosidase activities. A strain of Lact. brevis showing(More)
In the presence of various liver S9 preparations induced by different polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, the weak carcinogen, benz[a]anthracene, exhibited mutagenic activities comparable to those of benzo[a]pyrene in the Ames test. A series of positive correlations were found between mutagenic activity and the hydroxylation products of benz[a]anthracene at(More)
α-L-Rhamnosidases play an important role in the hydrolysis of glycosylated aroma compounds (especially terpenes) from wine. Although several authors have demonstrated the enological importance of fungal rhamnosidases, the information on bacterial enzymes in this context is still limited. In order to fill this important gap, two putative rhamnosidase genes(More)