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PURPOSE To examine the effect of riboflavin/UVA corneal crosslinking on stromal ultrastructure and hydrodynamic behaviour. METHODS One hundred and seventeen enucleated ungulate eyes (112 pig and 5 sheep) and 3 pairs of rabbit eyes, with corneal epithelium removed, were divided into four treatment groups: Group 1 (28 pig, 2 sheep and 3 rabbits) were(More)
PURPOSE To study the distribution and predominant orientations of fibrillar collagen at different depths throughout the entire thickness of the human cornea. This information will form the basis of a full three-dimensional reconstruction of the preferred orientations of corneal lamellae. METHODS Femtosecond laser technology was used to delaminate the(More)
The collagen microstructure of the peripheral cornea is important in stabilizing corneal curvature and refractive status. However, the manner in which the predominantly orthogonal collagen fibrils of the central cornea integrate with the circumferential limbal collagen is unknown. We used microfocus wide-angle x-ray scattering to quantify the relative(More)
In the cornea, the precise organisation of fibrillar collagen and associated proteoglycans comprising the stromal extracellular matrix plays a major role in governing tissue form and function. Recently, abnormal collagen alignment was noted in the misshapen corneas of mature chickens affected by the retinopathy, globe enlarged (rge) mutation. Here we(More)
PURPOSE To determine the effect of Ultraviolet-A collagen cross-linking with hypo-osmolar and iso-osmolar riboflavin solutions on stromal collagen ultrastructure in normal and keratoconus ex vivo human corneas. METHODS Using small-angle X-ray scattering, measurements of collagen D-periodicity, fibril diameter and interfibrillar spacing were made at 1 mm(More)
PURPOSE To quantify long-term changes in stromal collagen ultrastructure following penetrating keratoplasty (PK), and evaluate their possible implications for corneal biomechanics. METHODS A pair of 16 mm post-mortem corneo-scleral buttons was obtained from a patient receiving bilateral penetrating keratoplasty 12 (left)/28 (right) years previously.(More)
A network of circumferentially oriented collagen fibrils exists in the periphery of the human cornea, and is thought to be pivotal in maintaining corneal biomechanical stability and curvature. However, it is unknown whether or not this key structural arrangement predominates throughout the entire corneal thickness or exists as a discrete feature at a(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate 3 approaches, both cellular and acellular, to improve the healing of laser in situ keratomileusis flaps in bovine corneas. SETTING School of Optometry and Vision Sciences and Cardiff Institute of Tissue Engineering and Repair, Cardiff University, Cardiff, United Kingdom. DESIGN Experimental study. METHODS Laser in situ(More)
PURPOSE The mouse has become an important wound healing model with which to study corneal fibrosis, a frequent complication of refractive surgery. The aim of the current study was to quantify changes in stromal ultrastructure and light scatter that characterize fibrosis in mouse corneal debridement wounds. METHODS Epithelial debridement wounds, with and(More)
Corneal collagen ultrastructural changes occur during the healing process. The present study was designed to compare collagen ultrastructural changes after trephine wounding or flap creation. Bovine corneas were injured and maintained in organ culture for up to 4 weeks. Samples were removed from culture at 0, 1, 2, 3 and 4 weeks and snap frozen in liquid(More)