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OBJECTIVE To investigate risk factors of critical illness polyneuromyopathy (CIPM) in a general multidisciplinary intensive care unit (ICU). PATIENTS AND METHODS Prospective observational study in a 28-bed university multidisciplinary ICU. Four hundred and seventy-four (323 M/151 F, age 55 +/- 19) consecutive patients were prospectively evaluated. All(More)
INTRODUCTION It has been proposed that individual genetic variation contributes to the course of severe infections and sepsis. Recent studies of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) within the endotoxin receptor and its signaling system showed an association with the risk of disease development. This study aims to examine the response associated with(More)
There is increasing evidence that the release of S100B protein, which is an acknowledged marker of brain injury, is also induced by other causes including hemorrhagic shock. The aim of this study was to investigate the serum concentration of S100B in critically ill mechanically ventilated patients with various degrees of organ dysfunction but without(More)
INTRODUCTION Critical illness polyneuromyopathy (CIPNM) is a common complication of critical illness presenting with muscle weakness and is associated with increased duration of mechanical ventilation and weaning period. No preventive tool and no specific treatment have been proposed so far for CIPNM. Electrical muscle stimulation (EMS) has been shown to be(More)
INTRODUCTION Critically ill patients are characterized by increased loss of muscle mass, partially attributed to sepsis and multiple organ failure, as well as immobilization. Recent studies have shown that electrical muscle stimulation (EMS) may be an alternative to active exercise in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and chronic heart failure(More)
INTRODUCTION Based on the central role of the triggering of monocytes for the initiation of the septic cascade, it was investigated whether apoptosis of blood monocytes in septic patients is connected to their final outcome. METHODS Blood monocytes were isolated from 90 patients with septic syndrome due to ventilator-associated pneumonia on days 1, 3, 5(More)
Purpose. This is a secondary analysis of previously published data to investigate the effects of electrical muscle stimulation (EMS) on strength of various muscle groups in critically ill patients. Methods. One hundred forty-two consecutive patients, with APACHE II score ≥ 13, were randomly assigned to the EMS or the control group. EMS sessions were applied(More)
In this work a new coma scale for the assessment of responsiveness in acute brain disorders, constructed near the year 1985 by Scandinavian investigators, the Reaction Level Scale (RLS85), is compared with two other coma scales namely: (i) the Glasgow Coma Scale: (GCS); (ii) the Edinburgh-2 Coma Scale, after modification: (E2CS(M)). The study proceeded in(More)
BACKGROUND Physical examination has been advocated as a primary determinant of ICU-acquired weakness (ICU-AW). The purpose of the study is to investigate ICU-AW development by using Maximum Inspiratory Pressure (MIP) as a surrogate parameter of the standardized method to evaluate patients' peripheral muscle strength. METHODS Seventy-four patients were(More)